Who are some famous freemasons

Famous Freemasons

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The following list contains the names of personalities who were either highly respected in public, but perhaps made little or no appearance in their boxes. Others, on the other hand, have achieved a great deal for Freemasonry without having made any significant appearances in profane society. Some were famous in their lifetime and are now forgotten. A few, who are often wrongly called Freemasons, are named here with a corresponding note. The list can only be an arbitrary and restricted selection, in which z. B. well over a hundred heads of state and just as many clerical dignitaries are missing.

Abd el-Kader, Ibn Muhyï (1808-1883), Kabyle prince in Algeria, Arab emir, who distinguished himself in the colonial wars against France with a chivalrous disposition and saved thousands in the Christian massacres of Damascus. Member of the Paris lodge "Henri IV." and the lodge «Les Pyramides d'Egypte».

Aldrin, Edwin E. (* 1930), American astronaut (Gemini 12, Apollo 11, pilot of the lunar capsule “Eagle”), with Neil Armstrong the first person on the moon, is said to have planted the USA banner of his lodge in the lunar floor.

Allende, Salvador (1908-1973), Chilean President, assassinated in General Pinochet's coup.

Amundsen, Roald (1872-1928), Norwegian polar explorer, was the first to reach the South Pole and flew over the North Pole in Nobile's airship.

Anderson, James (1684-1739), pastor of the Presbyterians, is considered to be the author of the Constitution with the "Old Duties".

Armstrong, Louis "Satchmo" (1900-1971), jazz trumpeter, member of the "Montgomery Lodge" No. 18 in New York.

Ashmole, Elias (1617-1692), officer, physicist, astrologer, lawyer, physician, alchemist, botanist, historian at Oxford and member of the Royal Society, was inducted into a lodge in London in 1646 in Lancashire and in 1682.

Baden-Powell, Sir Robert Stephenson Smith Lord of Gilwell (1857-1941), general in the Boer War, founded the Boy Scout Movement, inspired by the books of his friend Kipling, was not a Freemason.

Bartholdi, Frédéric Auguste (1834-1904), sculptor, created the monument to Lafayette and Washington in Paris and the Statue of Liberty in New York, member of the «Alsace-Lorraine» lodge.

Benes, Eduard (1884-1948), who organized the resistance against Austria with Masaryk, became co-founder and foreign minister of the Czechoslovak Republic, prime minister, state president, member of the «Pravda Vítezí» lodge.

Berthelot, Marcelin Pierre Eugène (1827-1907), chemist, member of the Académie française, member of the “La Fraternité Universelle” lodge.

Bertuch, Friedrich Justin (1747-1822), secretary to Grand Duke Carl August von Weimar, chairman of the "Amalia" lodge, editor of the anthology "Chants for Freemasons for the use of all German lodges".

Blucher, Gebhard Leberecht von (1742-1819), Prince of Wahlstadt, Prussian Field Marshal General, member of several lodges, chairman of the lodge "To the three beams" in Münster.

Bluntschli, Johann Caspar (1808-1881), professor of constitutional law at the University of Zurich, author of the Zurich civil code and a draft for the federal constitution, later professor in Munich and Heidelberg, active Freemason, also wrote rituals.

Bode, Johann Joachim Christoph (1730-1793), the son of a day laborer, autodidactic composer, military musician and writer, ran a printing press and a publishing house after becoming wealthy through marriage, published works by Lessing, Klopstock and Schröder, member of the "Absalom" lodge in Hamburg and the "Amalia" in Weimar, turned away from the "Strikten Observanz", became Illuminat and Philaleth, friend of Schröder.

Boieldieu, François Adrien (1775-1834), French composer of operas (“Caliph of Baghdad”, “White Lady”) and a Masonic cantata for the St. Petersburg lodge “Les Amis Réunis”.

Boito, Arrigo (1842-1918), composer (“Mefistofele”), librettist for Verdi (“Othello”, “Falstaff”), translator (“Rienzi”, “Tristan”).

Bolivar, Simon (1783-1830), national hero in the South American liberation struggle against Spain, friend of Alexander von Humboldt. To commemorate his 100th birthday, the Masons of Bolivia, Ecuador and Chile established a polytechnic institute for students from the South American countries.

Bonaparte, Jérôme (1784-1860), King of Westphalia, member of the «La Paix» lodge in Toulon.

Bonaparte, Joseph (1768-1844) brother of Napoléon I, King of Spain, Grand Master of the Grand Orient.

Bonaparte, Louis, (1778-1846), King of Holland, second assigned Grand Master of the Grand Orient.

Boos, Heinrich (1851-1917), historian, professor at the University of Basel, member of the Basel lodge “On Friendship and Resistance”, wrote a “Handbook of Freemasonry” and “History of Freemasonry, a contribution to the cultural and literary history of the 18th century ».

Borel, Eugène (1835-1892), Swiss Federal Councilor, member of the “La Bonne Harmonie” lodge in Neuchâtel.

Bourgeois, Léon Victor Auguste (1851-1925), French statesman, pacifist, prime minister, permanent member of the Hague Court of Arbitration, first chairman of the League of Nations, Nobel Peace Prize 1920, member of the “Sincérité” lodge in Reims.

Brehm, Alfred Edmund (1829-1884), zoologist in Leipzig, author of "Tierleben".

Buchanan, James (1791-1868), lawyer, senator, 15th President of the United States.

Buonarotti Filippo Michele (1761-1837), Italian freedom fighter, "Patriarch of the Carbonari".

Citizens, Gottfried August (1747-1794), poet ("Leonore", "About satisfaction", "About moral courage").

Burns, Robert (1759-1796) Scottish poet, author of Masonic poems.

Byrd, Richard E. 0 (1888-1957), admiral, flew over the North and South Poles, dropped Masonic flags over both poles. Member of "Kane Lodge" No. 454 in New York.

Cagliostro, Alexander Graf von (1743-1795), actually Giuseppe Balsamo, impostor and adventurer, author of an «Egyptian rite». His “collar affair” is the content of Goethe's “Grosskophta”.

Carducci, Giosuè (1835-1907), Italian poet, Nobel Prize for Literature 1906, member of the “Galvani” and “Felsinea” lodges in Bologna and the “Propaganda Massonica” lodge in Rome.

Carey, Henry, (1687-1743) poet and composer, student of Geminiani, wrote the tragicomic opera "The Generous Freemason or the Constant Lady".

Casanova, Giacomo (1725-1798), called himself Chevalier de Seingalt, a highly educated adventurer, came from Bohemia, was arrested in Venice for Masonic activities and blasphemy, escaped from the "lead chambers", wrote an extensive autobiography in six volumes.

Cavour, Camillo Benso Graf von (1810-1861), statesman, supported the struggle of Garibaldi, the real creator of a united Italy and, like many of his colleagues, a Freemason.

Cerneau, Joseph (1763-1829) French watchmaker and gold worker, founded an AASR in 1807 with the patent of a Cuban grandmaster in competition with the AASR of Charleston, which is based on forged documents from Frederick the Great. After an eventful history in America, the rite came to Reuss via England (see Yarker), through which it gained a foothold in Germany and France, but was unable to assert itself.

Chamisso, Adalbert von (1781-1838), German poet, ("Peter Schlemihl"), member of a Berlin lodge.

Chédel, André (1915-1984), man of letters, major speaker at the SGLA.

Cherubini, Luigi (1760-1842), church and opera composer in Paris (“Medea”, “The Water Carrier”).

Chrysler, Walter P. (1875-1940), automaker.

Churchill, Sir Winston (1874-1965) English statesman, Prime Minister, Nobel Prize Winner in Literature 1953.

Claudius, Matthias (1740-1815), German poet ("Wandsbecker Bote", "The moon has risen"), also wrote Masonic table songs.

Clérambault, Louis-Nicolas (1676-1749), son and father of musicians in the service of the King of France, fertile and famous composer, wrote a work for voice and instrumental accompaniment «Les Francs Masons» (sic) in 1743.

Condorcet, Marie Jean Antoine (1743-1794), mathematician and encyclopedist, was not a Freemason.

Cooper, L. Gordon (* 1927), astronaut (Mercury 9, Kdt. Von Gemini 5), member of the "Carbondale Lodge" No. 52 in New York.

Corinth, Lovis (1858-1925), German painter and etcher in Munich and Berlin, creator of a picture “Die Loge”, member of the Munich Lodge “In Treue fest”.

Coster, Charles de (1827-1879), Flemish poet ("Till Eulenspiegel"), member of the Brussels lodge "Les Vrais Amis de l’Union et du Progrès réunis".

Coudenhove-Kalergi, Richard (1894-1972), founder of the Paneuropean movement with the aim of a European confederation, was accepted into a Viennese lodge in 1922.

Crowley, Aleister [actually Edward Alexander] (1872-1947), as successor to Reuss head of the OTO, called himself "Baphomet", wrote the "Gnostic Mass" and numerous books on Masonic, spiritualistic and magical esotericism.

Danton, Georges Jacques (1759-1794), Minister of Justice, founder of the Revolutionary Tribunal, member of the Welfare Committee, member of a Paris lodge.

Decazes, Elie duc de (1780-1860), Prime Minister under Louis XVIII, Pair de France, Grand Commander of the AASR of France.

Dermatism, Laurence (1720-1791), painter and wine merchant, chair master in Ireland, later Grand Chancellor and Deputy Grand Master of the "Antients" in London, author of the "Ahiman Rezon" (the meaning of the title has never been clarified) and the Constitutions of the Antients.

Derwentwater, Charles Radcliffe (1693-1746), said to have founded the first French lodge in Paris in 1725, was captured by the English during the attempted Scottish uprising and was beheaded in the Tower.

Desaguliers, John Theophilus (1683-1744), theologian, jurist and physicist, member of the Royal Society, friend of Newton, becomes Grand Master in 1719, spiritual father of the Anderson Constitution.

Devrient, Karl August (1797-1872), German actor and brother-in-law of Schröder.

Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan (1859-1930), doctor, author of detective novels ("Sherlock Holmes").

Druey, Henri (1799-1855), elected to the first Swiss Federal Council, member of the Lausanne lodge «Espérance et Cordialité».

Ducommun, Elie (1833-1906), one of the founders (with Henri Lafontaine) and secretary of the International Peace Office, Nobel Peace Prize 1902, member of the “La Prudence” lodge, then “Zur Hoffnung” (Bern).

Dunant, Henri, (1828-1910), initiator of the Geneva Convention, founder of the Red Cross, received the first Nobel Peace Prize in 1901, is said to have been accepted into a "Cordialité No. 1188" lodge in Geneva, for which no evidence could be found.

Dupaty, Charles (1746-1788), French lawyer, champion of the reform of criminal law, chairman of the "Les Neuf Soeurs" lodge in Paris.

Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave (1832-1923), French engineer, builder of the Eiffel Tower.

Eisele, Donn F. (1930-1987), astronaut (Apollo 7).

Endres, Franz Carl (1878-1954), officer in the Turkish General Staff, journalist, writer ("The Secret of the Freemason", "The Symbolism of the Freemason"), member of several lodges in Vienna ("Labor"), Paris ("Lalande"), Lucerne (“Fiat Lux”) and Stuttgart (“Drei Cedern”).

Favon, Georges (1848-1902), journalist, Councilor of State of Geneva, President of the Swiss National Council, member of the Geneva lodge “Fidélité et Prudence”.

Fermi, Enrico (1901-1954), Italian physicist who devoted himself to the development of atomic fission and quantum physics in America, Nobel Prize in Physics 1938.

Ferrari, Ettore (1844-1929), Italian sculptor (statue of Giordano Bruno), politician, grand master, grand commander.

Spruce, Johann Gottlieb (1762-1814), German philosopher, professor in Jena, Erlangen and Berlin, author of the «Letters to Constant».

Findel, Gottfried Josef Gabriel (1828-1905), bookseller and writer (History of Freemasonry), proved the inauthenticity of the “York Document”, fighter against Taxil and for the recognition of American black Freemasons, Honorary Grand Master of the “Prince Hall” Grand Lodge in Boston.

Fleming, Sir Alexander (1881-1955), English bacteriologist, discoverer of penicillin, Nobel Prize in Medicine 1945.

Florian, Jean-Pierre Claris de (1755-1794), poet of dramas, songs and fables, moralist and satirist, member of the French Academy.

Ford, Gerald R. (* 1913), Vice President under Nixon and 38th President of the USA after his resignation.

Ford, Henry (1863-1947), American automobile manufacturer, member of the “Palestine Lodge” in Detroit.

Fouché, Joseph Duke of Otranto (1759-1820), Minister of Police, Conservator of the Grande Loge de France in order to better monitor the Freemasons.

Franklin, Benjamin (1706-1790), printer, physicist, inventor of the lightning rod, politician, co-author and signatory of the American Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of 1787, active Freemason from 1731 and also member of the Paris lodge «Les Neuf Soeurs», where he was godfather of Voltaire was.

Freiligrath, Ferdinand (1810-1876), German poet ("Prinz Eugen, the noble knight") and revolutionary, member of the Worms lodge "Zum Wiedererbauten Tempel".

Frey, Emil (1838-1922), Swiss Federal Councilor, member of the “Zur Brudertreue” lodge in Aarau.

Fried, Alfred Hermann (1864-1921), Austrian writer, close collaborator of the pacifist Berta von Suttner, founder of the German Peace Society, member of the International Peace Institute, Nobel Peace Prize 1911, member of the Viennese Lodge «Socrates».

Frederick II the Great, King of Prussia (1712-1786), became a Freemason as Crown Prince.

Friedrich Wilhelm III., King of Prussia (1770-1840) was not a Freemason, but declared that he would always protect the Freemasonry because he knew that those of his servants, who were masons, were also among the most excellent public servants.

Fritsch, Jakob Friedrich Freiherr von (1731-1814), Minister of State and President of the Privy Council in Weimar, house commander (chairman) of the "Amalia" lodge under the "Strict Observance".

Fritsch, Karl Wilhelm Freiherr von (1769-1850), son of Jakob Friedrich v. F., chair master of the "Amalia" lodge in Weimar.

Furrer, Jonas (1805-1861), lawyer, mayor of Zurich, key contributor to the federal constitution, first President of Switzerland in 1848, member of the Winterthur lodge «Akazia», first major speaker of the SGLA.

Gambetta, Léon (1838-1882), French statesman, fought the 2nd Empire, proclaimed the 3rd republic, but did not become president, member of the lodges “La Réforme” in Marseille and “Clémente Amitié” in Paris.

Garfield, James A. (1831-1881), day laborer, coachman, boatswain, teacher, lawyer, senator, major general, 20th President of the USA, victim of an assassination attempt, member of the Magnolia Lodge in Columbus (Ohio).

Garibaldi, Giuseppe (1807-1882), Italian statesman and revolutionary, first grand master of the Memphis Misraim rite.

Gautier, Théophile, (1811-1872) French poet, playwright, novelist, archaeologist.

Geminiani, Francesco Xaverio (1674-1762), Italian composer, student of Scarlatti, director of the London Philomusicae et architecturae societas, which consisted only of Freemasons.

Gershwin, George (1898-1937), American composer (“Porgy and Bess”, “Rhapsody in Blue”).

Br. Augusto Giacometti (1877 in Stampa -1947 in Zurich). He was a painter and, among other things, painted the entrance hall in the Urania police station. There are also some larger works by him in the Kunsthaus Zürich as well as a self-portrait in the small conference room on the Lindenhof.

Glenn, John (born 1921), astronaut (Mercury 6, first orbit), Senator, STS-95.

Gneisenau, August Neidhardt Graf von (1760-1831), Chief of Staff under Blücher, State Councilor, Governor of Berlin, Field Marshal General, member and honorary member of the lodge "To the Three Rocks" in Schmiedeberg (Riesengebirge).

Goblet d’Alviella Eugène Félicien Graf (1846-1927), Belgian writer, university professor, minister of state, member of the Brussels lodge “Amis Philanthropes”, Grand Master of the Grand Orient de Belgique, revised the rituals of the AASR degrees, Grand Commander.

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von (1749-1832), German poet, state councilor, war minister and theater director in Weimar, wrote, among other things, many Masonic poems. also the inauguration fairy tale "The Green Snake", a continuation of the "Magic Flute", the drama "Der Grosskophta" with Cagliostro as the main role, "Faust" and the "Wilhelm Meister" with numerous Masonic references, was a member of the Lodge "Amalia zu the three roses »and the Illuminati.

Goldoni, Carlo (1707-1793), Italian comedy poet ("Donne curiose", a play about women who want to discover their husbands' mason secret).

Gorres, Josef von (1776-1848), philosopher, physician, physiologist, professor in Koblenz, Heidelberg and Munich, lived as a political refugee in Switzerland, member of a French lodge.

Gould, Robert Freke (1836-1915), officer, later lawyer, member of the “Royal Navy Lodge” in Ramsgate (Kent), co-founder and chairman of the “Quatuor Coronati Lodge”, author of the six-volume “History of Freemasonry”, the English standard work of the Freemasons Historiography.

Grasse-Tilly, Alexandre François Auguste, Count von (1765-1845), son of the French admiral, Grand Commander ad vitam of the AASR for the French West Indies, Grand Commander of the first European Supreme Council, who then deposed him because he was accused of “exercising all power alone to want".

Grégoire, Henri (1750-1831), politician, Bishop of Blois, campaigned for Jews, blacks and the abolition of slavery.

Gris, Juan (1887-1927) Spanish painter, friend of Picasso.

Grissom, Virgil I. (1926-1967), astronaut (Mercury 4, Gemini 3).

Grock, Real name Adrian Wettach (1880-1959), Swiss clown of world renown, member of a French lodge.

Grouchy, Emmanuel, Marquis of (1766-1847) Marshal of France. Napoleon blamed him for the defeat of Waterloo because, instead of intervening there, after the battle of Ligny he was commissioned to pursue the Prussians.

Guénon, René (1886-1951), French esotericist.

Guillotin, Joseph Ignace (1738-1814), physician, inventor of the guillotine.

Häberlin, Hermann (1862-1938), social hygienist, politician, pacifist, member of the Zurich lodge “Modestia cum Libertate”, grandmaster of the SGLA.

Hahnemann, Samuel Christian Friedrich (1755-1843), doctor, founder of homeopathy, member of the lodge “To the three sea leaves” in Transylvania and the “Minerva” in Leipzig.

Hanusch, Ferdinand (1866-1923), originally a journeyman weaver, later State Secretary for Social Welfare, creator of the Austrian labor law, member of the Lessing Lodge in Vienna.

Hardenberg, Karl August, Prince von (1750-1822), Prussian statesman, state chancellor, reformer under King Friedrich Wilhelm III., Turned against Metternich, who demanded the suppression of the Freemasonry, member and chairman of the "Zum weissen Pferd" lodge in Hanover.

Harding, Warren G. (1865-1923), 29th President of the USA, member of "Marion Lodge" No. 70 in Marion (Ohio) and of the AASR.

Haydn, Josef (1732-1809), composer, friend and lodge brother of Mozart.

Helvetius, Claude Adrien (1715-1771), philosopher, encyclopedist, philanthropist,

The author of «De l'Esprit», which was condemned by the Pope, Parliament and the Sorbonne and was publicly burned, planned a scientific and artistic Masonic lodge, which after his death also accepted Voltaire with the name «Les Neuf Soeurs» and this as a special honor handed over the masonry clothing from Helvetius.

Hen on rhyn, Otto (1826-1914), state archivist in St. Gallen, cultural historian, editor of rituals.

Herder, Johann Gottfried (1744-1803), theologian, philosopher, writer ("Ideas on the Philosophy of Human History", "Letters for the Advancement of Humanity", "Adrastea"), friend and collaborator of Schröder in the development of his teaching style.

Hogarth, William (1697-1764), English painter and engraver, painted numerous portraits of Freemasons. The picture "The Night" caricatures a street scene with Freemasons, and "The Mystery of Masonry brought to light by the Gormogons" is a satirical caricature of well-known Freemasons.

Hoover, John Edgar (1895-1972), Director of the FBI, member of Federal Lodge No. 1 and Justice Lodge No. 46 in Washington D.C.

Hottinger, Johann Jakob (1783-1860), historian, professor at Zurich University, Grand Councilor, Councilor, first Grand Master of the SGLA.

Houdini, Heinrich (1874-1929), magician, tried to expose the tricks of spiritualistic media, member of a New York lodge.

Houdon, Jean Antoine (1741-1828), sculptor, portrayed many intellectual greats of his time, such as. Rousseau, Condorcet and the Masons Lafayette, Franklin, Voltaire, Lalande, Dupaty, Pastoret and Washington, member of the «Les Neuf Soeurs» lodge.

Hufeland, Christoph Wilhelm (1762-1836), doctor, professor at Berlin University, pioneer of the cowpox vaccination, friend of Schröder, member of the "Augusta to the Three Flames" lodge in Göttingen.

Bumblebee, Johann Nepomuk (1778-1837), composer, student of Mozart, conductor in Weimar, member of the "Amalia" lodge.

Dog, Karl Gotthelf, Baron von (1722-1776), member of a Paris lodge, founded the "Strict Observance".

Iffland, August Wilhelm (1759-1814), actor and poet ("Der Magnetismus", Masonic drama), was accepted into the Hamburg lodge by Schröder.

Immermann, Karl Leberecht (1796-1840), poet and playwright ("Münchhausen"), member of the Magdeburg lodge "Ferdinand zur Glückseligkeit".

Irwin, James B., (1930-1991), astronaut (Apollo 15).

Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845), fought against the English, Indians and Spaniards, 7th President of the USA, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Tennessee.

Joffre, Jacques César, (1852-1931), French commander-in-chief in World War I, Marshal of France, member of the «Alsace-Lorraine» lodge in Paris.

Johnson, Andrew (1808-1875), tailor, senator, vice-president, 17th President of the USA after Lincoln's assassination, impeachment for breach of the constitution with acquittal, honorary member of the Florida Grand Lodge.

Johnson, Lyndon B. (1908-1973), teacher, member of parliament, senator, Vice President of Kennedy and, after his assassination, 36th President of the United States.

Young, Karl Gustav (1793-1864), professor of medicine in Basel, chairman of the lodge "Zur Friendship and Resistance", Grand Master of the SGLA, founder of the asylum "Zur Hope" for the upbringing and care of mentally handicapped children.

Kellogg, Frank B. (1856-1937), US Secretary of State, Nobel Peace Prize 1929, member of Rochester Lodge No. 21 in New York.

Kerényi, Károly (1897-1973), classical philologist and religious scholar, myth researcher at the C. G. Jung Institute, member of the Zurich lodge “Modestia cum Libertate”.

Kipling, Rudyard (1865-1936), writer ("The Jungle Book", "Kim"), friend of Baden-Powell.

Bell, Friedrich Maximilian von (1758-1831), lieutenant general, poet of the drama "Sturm und Drang", which became the name of an entire literary epoch. Friend of Goethe, member of the Zurich lodge “Modestia cum Libertate”.

Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb (1724-1803), German poet (“The Messiah”, “Lake Zurich”), lodge brother of Lessing in the Hamburg lodge “To the three roses”. Doubts about his membership in the lodge are unfounded.

Etiquette, Adolph Freiherr von (1752-1796), writer (On dealing with people), pacifist, cosmopolitan, Freemason of the "Strict Observance", then the "Illuminati" and the "Eclectic League".

Kossuth, Lajos (1802-1894), lawyer, Hungarian freedom fighter, convicted of treason and given amnesty, leader of the revolution of 1849, imperial administrator, national hero, honorary member of Lodge No. 133 in Cincinnati.

Kotzebue, August von (1761-1819), lawyer in Weimar, court theater poet in Vienna, wrote over 200 dramas of little value (including "Die Freemaurer"), Russian State Councilor, intriguer, tried to create discord between Schiller and Goethe, was murdered in Mannheim, Member of a lodge in Reval or Moscow.

Krause, Karl Christian Friedrich, (1781-1832), philosopher, private lecturer for philosophy, mathematics and natural law in Jena, developed a category theory of simple being on the basis of the Cartesian doubt, member of the lodge "Archimedes zu den drei Reissbränke" in Altenburg and then affiliated in the box "To the three swords and the true friends" in Dresden. The publication of his major mason work "The three oldest art clients of the Freemasonry" sparked a heated argument and ultimately resulted in his exclusion, which was then revoked 50 years after his death.

Laban of Váralya, Rudolf (1879-1958), world-famous dancer, choreographer and founder of dance schools of his name, chair master of the Zurich lodge “Libertas et Fraternitas”.

Lachenal, Adrien (1849-1918), Swiss Federal Councilor, member of the Geneva lodge “Fidélité et Prudence”.

Laclos, Pierre Ambroise François Choderlos de (1741-1803), officer and writer ("Liaisons dangereuses").

Lafayette, Marie Joseph, Marquis de (1757-1834), general in the American War of Independence, after returning to France a liberal royalist, saved the king and his family as commander of the National Guard in 1789 and brought them safely to Paris, drafted the "Declaration of Human Rights". He is said to have given the key of the Bastille to an American lodge. His wife made the apron for Washington that Washington wore when the foundation stone was laid for the Capitol. Member of a military lodge in Morristown and of the Contrat Social lodge in France.

Lafontaine, Henri (1854-1943), Vice-President of the Belgian Senate, one of the founders and President of the International Peace Bureau, Nobel Peace Prize 1913, member of the “Les Amis Philanthropes” lodge in Brussels.

Lalande, Joseph Jérome Lefrançais de (1732-1807), astronomer, member of many academies, published a star catalog with 47,000 stars, founder and chairman of the Paris encyclopedist lodge «Les Neuf Soeurs».

Lavater, Diethelm (1740-1826), brother of the famous Johann Caspar, doctor and politician, member of the Zurich lodge “Modestia cum Libertate”.

Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim (1729-1781), playwright and writer ("Nathan the Wise", "Ernst and Falk"), was admitted to a Hamburg apartment in a barely regular manner and was promoted to the 3rd grade, but then never went to one Work participated.

Lindbergh, Charles A. (1902-1974), Aviation Brigadier General, was the first to cross the Atlantic in an easterly plane, member of Keystone Lodge No. 243 in St. Louis. He is said to have taken his Masonic documents with him on his ocean flight.

Liszt, Franz, (1811-1886), Hungarian pianist and composer, member of lodges in Frankfurt and Berlin, honorary member of the Zurich lodge “Modestia cum Libertate”.

Littré, Paul, Emile (1801-1881), philosopher, positivist, writer, translator of Hippocrates and Dante, member of the Académie Française, deputy, senator for life, creator of the “Dictionnaire”, member of the “La Clémente Amitié” lodge.

Lion, Carl (1796-1869), composer of secular songs, church music and also Masonic chants. The most famous song “Die Uhr” was premiered in his box “To the three circles” in Szczecin.

Lortzing, Gustav Adolf (1801-1851) composer (“Zar und Zimmermann”, “Undine”), actor and author of all his opera texts, member of a lodge in Aachen, then the “Balduin zur Linde” in Leipzig, for which he wrote the jubilee cantata “Minerva zu the three palms »wrote on the occasion of the 100th anniversary.

Maistre, Joseph Marie, Count von (1753-1821), writer of the philosophy of state and religion, advocate of ecclesiastical absolutism, member of the "Aux Trois Mortiers" lodge, where he found no pleasure in the "childish" and joined the rectified Scottish masonry.

Manzoni, Alessandro (1785-1873), Italian poet ("I promessi sposi"), free thinker, senator, fought for the unification of Italy.

Marat, Jean-Paul (1744-1793), from Boudry (Neuchâtel), doctor, journalist, leader of the French Revolution, member of a London lodge, but was never active as a Freemason.

Marshall, George (1880-1959), Secretary of State and Secretary of Defense of the USA, initiator of the Marshall Plan, Nobel Peace Prize 1953, member of a lodge in Washington.

Mazzini, Giuseppe (1805-1872), lawyer, Italian freedom fighter, colleague of Garibaldi, member and honorary member of numerous lodges. Masonic flags were carried through the streets for the first time in Rome at his funeral.

McKinley, William (1843-1901), lawyer, 25th President of the United States, was murdered.

Mehul, Etienne Nicolas, (1763-1817), French composer («Joseph in Egypt»).

Mesmer, Friedrich Anton (1733-1815), discoverer of magnetism, friend of Mozart, who put a (dubious) memorial to him in “Così fan tutte”, long ridiculed as a charlatan, later rehabilitated, is considered to be one of the pioneers of psychiatry.

Meyerbeer, Giacomo actually Jakob Liebmann Beer, (1791-1864), opera composer ("Robert the Devil", "The Prophet", "The Huguenots", "The African Woman").

Meyrink, Gustav (1868-1932), Austrian banker and writer («The Golem»).

Mirabeau, Honoré Gabriel Victor de Riquetti, Count von (1749-1791), politician, president of the Jacobin Club and the National Assembly, feared speaker and publicist, was probably accepted into an Amsterdam lodge. 339

Mitchell, Edgar D. (* 1930), astronaut (Apollo 14).

Monroe, James, (1758-1831) Colonel in the Revolutionary War, friend of Jefferson, envoy to Paris, London and Madrid, 5th President of the USA, re-elected with a single vote against, rejects intervention by European states in America (Monroe Doctrine).

Montesquieu, Charles Secondat de la Brède, Baron de (1689-1755), historian, state philosopher and political writer ("L’Esprit des Lois"), co-founder of the first French lodges. From him comes the doctrine of the separation of powers, one of the most important foundations of the modern state.

Montgolfier, Jacques Etienne (1745-1799), inventor of the hot air balloon.

Morin, Etienne (1693-1771), a merchant, was a member and founder of numerous Scots lodges in France and America, which later became the AASR of Charleston.

Mozart, Leopold (1719-1787), musician, like his son Wolfgang Amadeus, was a member of the “Zur Wahr Eintracht” lodge in Vienna.

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-91), composer, author of Masonic ritual music and the inauguration opera "The Magic Flute" based on a libretto by his lodge brother Schikaneder, member of the lodge "Zur neueekrönten Hoffnung" in Vienna.

Müller, Wilhelm (1794-1827), philologist and lyricist of Schubert songs (“Die Schöne Müllerin”, “Winterreise”), member of the Leipzig lodge “Minerva to the three palms”.

Napoleon, Joseph Charles, (1822-1891), known as Prince Napoléon, nicknamed Plon-Plon, son of Jérôme Bonaparte, Freemason and honorary member of the Grand Lodge of Denmark.

Nedbal, Oskar, (1874-1930), Czech operetta composer (“Polenblut”) and conductor, member of the Viennese lodge “Goethe”.

Nehru, Jawaharlal Pandit (1889-1964), comes from a noble Brahmin family (Pandit = scholar), lawyer, follower of Gandhi, after the liberation of India's prime minister.

Nelson, Horatio, Viscount and Duke of Bronte (1758-1805), Admiral, conquered and fell in the Battle of Trafalgar, member of the "Union Lodge" No. 331 of York.

Ossietzky, Carl von (1889-1938), editor of the “Weltbühne”, secretary of the German Peace Society, Nobel Peace Prize in 1935, died in a concentration camp, member of the (irregular) lodge “Menschentum” in Hamburg.

Ostwald,Wilhelm (1853-1932), chemist and philosopher, Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1909, founder of the "Ostwaldian quantitative theory of colors", advocate of the "energetic imperative", grandmaster of the "Freemasons' Association for the Rising Sun".

Papus, Pseudonym of Dr.Gérard Encausse (1865-1916), doctor and occultist writer, personal physician to Tsar Nicholas II until he was ousted by Rasputin, head of the Martinists, was never a member of a regular lodge, but acquired from Reuss a power of attorney to found a French Grand Orient of the United Nations Rites of Cerneau, Memphis and Misraim.

Pike, Albert (1809-1891), Southern General in the American Civil War, Grand Commander of the southern jurisdiction of the AASR.

Polk, James K. (1795-1849), lawyer, 11th President of the USA.

Pope, Alexander (1688-1744), English poet, translator of Horace, Virgil and Homer.

Prévost d'Exiles, Antoine François (1697-1769), Abbé, writer («Manon Lescaut»).

Proudhon, Pierre Joseph (1809-1865), socialist writer (“Property is theft!”), Member of the “Sincérité, Parfaite Union et Constante Amitié” lodge in Besançon.

Pushkin, Alexander Sergejewitsch, Count (1799-1837), Russian poet and writer («Captain's Daughter», «Boris Godunow», «Eugene Onegin», «Queen of Spades», «Ruslan and Ludmilla»), member of the «Ovid» lodge in Kishinev ( Moldova, CIS).

Quartier-La Tente, Edouard (1855-1925), pastor, Councilor of State in Neuchâtel, member of the «La Bonne Harmonie» lodge, Grand Master of the SGLA, head of the «International Bureau for Masonic Relations», editor of the magazine «Alpina».

Quasimodo, Salvatore (1901-1968), Italian poet, Nobel Prize in Literature 1959.

Rameau, Jean-Philippe (1682-1764), composer and music theorist, wrote, among other things, the opera “Samson” based on a text by Voltaire.

Ramsay, Andrew Michael (1686-1743), Scottish baker's son, educator of Charles Edward Stuart, officer, lawyer, member of the Royal Society, converted to Catholicism under the influence of Fénelon. As the Grand Master of the Antients, he gave that famous speech in which he traced Freemasonry back to the Knights of St. John and derived the name "St. John's Lodge" from it. In it, he also called for the creation of a universal library that would unite everything good, large, radiant and useful from art and science, a project that Diderot realized with his "Encyclopédie".

Raspail, François Vincent (1794-1878), naturalist and politician, member of parliament, speaker of the "Les Amis Réunis" lodge.

Reuss, Theodor (1855-1923), adventurer, journalist, singer, founder of multiple orders and lodges, head of the Illuminati and the Oriental Templar Order (OTO), Grand Commander of the Memphis Misraim Order, Inspector spécial of the Martinists, Grand Master of the Helvetic Grand Orient for the AASR to Cerneau. His successor in the OTO was Crowley.

Rhodes, Cecil J. (1853-1902), English politician and financier, gained huge fortunes by exploiting the South African diamond fields, which he left for charitable purposes, member of the "Oxford University Lodge". Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) was named after him.

Direction, Charles (1850-1935), French physiologist, founder of healing serum treatment and Behring's forerunner, pacifist, Nobel Prize for Medicine 1913, author of a cultural history of mankind, member of the Paris lodge “Cosmos”.

Rizal, José (1869-1896), Filipino ophthalmologist, writer, naturalist, philologist, freedom fighter, was falsely condemned as a ringleader in the uprising against the Spaniards and shot. The day of his death is National Day of the Philippines.

Roëttiers de Montaleau, Alexandre Louis (1748-1808), director of the Paris Mint, Grand Master of the Grand Orient de France, which he reawakened after the Revolution.

Rohan, Louis René Edouard, Prince von (1734-1803), Cardinal, Prince-Bishop of Strasbourg, together with Cagliostro set up a lodge of the “Egyptian Rite” and was also involved in the “Collar Affair”.

Roosevelt, Franklin Delano (1882-1945), 32nd President of the United States of America, member of "Holland Lodge" No. 8 in New York.

Roosevelt, Theodore, (1858-1919), 26th President of the United States of America, Nobel Peace Prize 1906, member of Matinecock Lodge No. 806 in New York.

Rouget de Lisle, Claude Joseph (1760-1836), chief engineer, wrote and set the "Marseillaise" to music, which, originally the battle song of the Rhine Army against Prussia and Austria, was later sung as the French national anthem.

Ruchet, Marc Emile (1853-1912), Swiss Federal Councilor, member of the «Liberté» lodge in Lausanne.

Ruchonnet, Louis (1834-1893), Swiss Federal Councilor and Federal President, first M. v. St. of the Lausanne Lodge «Liberté», Grand Commander AASR.

Rückert, Friedrich (1788-1866), philologist and orientalist, translator and romantic poet (“Wisdom of the Brahmin”, “Kindertotenlieder”), member of the “Karl zum Rautenkranz” lodge in Hildburghausen.

Rude, François (1784-1855), French sculptor (“Marseillaise” at the Arc de Triomphe, bronze monuments, statues and busts in the Louvre).

Sacher-Masoch, Leopold Ritter von (1835-1895), historian, professor in Graz, writer. His sex-pathological novels and short stories coined the term masochism.

Sachs, Karl Ernst August (1829-1909) German philologist, author of the “Encyclopedic Dictionary of the French Language” (Sachs-Villatte).

Sade, Donatien Alphonse François, Marquis de (1740-1814), writer, spent almost 30 years of his life in prison and in the insane asylum of Charenton, where he wrote the works that coined the term "sadism". Membership in a Paris lodge is not guaranteed.

Saint-Martin, Louis-Claude Marquis de (1743-1803), officer, Rosicrucian and theosophist, pupil of Pasqually, founder of Martinism (which still exists today with a center in Lyon and in which the "unknown superiors" wear face masks).

Salten, Felix (1869-1947), Austrian writer, wrote the children's book "Bambi", member of the Viennese lodge "Zur Truth".

Sauerland, Heinrich (1776-1847), publisher in Aarau.

Manhole, Horace Greely Hjalmar (1877-1970), banker, President of the German Reichsbank and Minister of Economics, was acquitted in the Nuremberg Trials because of his opposition to Hitler and was a member of a Prussian lodge.

Schikaneder, Emanuel (1751-1812), actor, writer, theater director, founder of the “Theater an der Wien”, wrote the libretto for the “Magic Flute”, member of a lodge in Regensburg.

Schirra, Walter M. (* 1923), astronaut (Mercury 8, Gemini 6, Kdt. Apollo 7).

Schliemann, Heinrich (1822-1890), businessman and tireless self-taught

Antiquarian, discoverer of Troy.

Schröder, Friedrich Ludwig (1744-1816), actor, playwright, theater director, created the "Schröder teaching method" in the chaotic jumble of the Masonic rites of his time and took advice from Goethe, Herder and Hufeland. His rituals were adopted by a great many lodges.

Scott, Robert Falcon (1868-1912), captain, reached the South Pole four weeks after Amundsen.

Scott, Walter L. (1771-1832), Scottish writer ("Ivanhoe"), chair master in Edinburgh.

Sibelius, Jean (1865-1957), Finnish sound poet, composer of Masonic ritual music.

Sinowatz, Fred (* 1929), historian and politician, party chairman SPÖ, Austrian Federal Chancellor, member of a Viennese lodge.

Smith, Joseph (1805-1844), "Prophet" of the sect of "Latter-day Saints" (Mormons), was accepted into a lodge and adopted some of the Masonic symbols. However, he later banned Freemasonry as the "institution of the devil himself".

Soliman, Angelo (1726-1796), came into the possession of Prince Lobkowitz as a Negro slave, became Prince of Liechtenstein in his will, spoke and wrote German, Italian, French, Czech and Latin, was a special friend of Joseph II and married a wife of After his death, Christiani, a member of the Viennese lodge “Zur Wahr Eintracht”, was skinned, stuffed and shown to the onlookers in the imperial collection next to a capybara and several marsh birds at the request of Emperor Franz II despite protests from the family and archbishop. The museum went up in flames in 1848, so the shamefulness burned up.

Sousa, John Philipp (1854-1932), American composer of marches ("Stars and Stripes"), introduced the sousaphone named after him (a circular bass tuba with a large bell) in American military music, a member of the "Hiram Lodge" in Washington.

Spohr, Louis (1784-1859), violin virtuoso and composer, member of the "Ernst zum Kompass" lodge in Gotha.

Stafford, Thomas P. (* 1930), astronaut (Gemini 6, Apollo 10).

Stone, Heinrich Friedrich Karl, Freiherr von und zum (1757-1831), statesman, with Hardenberg Prussian reformer under King Friedrich Wilhelm III., Member of the "Joseph zu den Drei Helmen" lodge in Wetzlar.

Steiner, Rudolf, (1861-1925) head of the German section of the Theosophical Society, then founder and head of the Anthroposophical Society, established a college for the humanities in Dornach and the Goetheanum, founded the Waldorf schools, was never accepted into a lodge, but Theodor Reuss granted it Permission to found a chapter and a council of adoption masonry under the name "Mystica aeterna" and appointed him acting general-grandmaster of the Egyptian rite of Misraïm in Germany. Steiner only worked on five degrees and wrote his own rituals for them.

Stendhal, Pseudonym for Henri Beyle (1783-1842), French writer (“Le Rouge et le Noir”, “La Chartreuse de Parme”), member of a Paris lodge.

Stephan, Heinrich von (1831-1897), General Postal Director, initiator of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union, member of the "Teutonia zur Weisheit" lodge.

Stresemann, Gustav (1878-1929), German Foreign Minister and Reich Chancellor, Nobel Peace Prize in 1926, member of the "Friedrich der Grosse" lodge in Berlin.

Sullivan, Sir Arthur Seymour (1842-1900), composer ("The Mikado"), major organist of the GL of England.

Sun, Yat Sen, actually Sun Wen (1868-1925), doctor and statesman, leader of the Chinese Revolution of 1911, first President of the Chinese Republic, founder and leader of the Kuomintang (People's Party), member of the secret society «Hong» (Triad) and a ( presumably American) Masonic Lodge.

Suvorov, Alexander Wassiljewitsch (1729-1800), Count of Rimnikskij, Prince Italijskij, Russian generalissimo, defeated the French in Northern Italy, loss-making Alpine crossing, which the monument at the Devil's Bridge commemorates, member of lodges in St. Petersburg and Königsberg.

Swedenborg, actually Emanuel Swedberg (1688-1772), well-known scientist, resigned all official positions at the age of 57 and became - on the basis of dreams - a mystical philosopher. He was not a Freemason, but his esoteric-theosophical system is based on the Swedenborg rite, which originated in America in 1859 and came to Europe via Yarker and Reuss. This consists of three Johannis degrees and several high degrees, which also influenced the Swedish Rite and the German Freemason Order.

Taffeta, William H, (1857-1930) 27th President of the USA, member of Kilwinning Lodge No. 356 in Cincinnati.

Talleyrand-Périgord, Charles Maurice de (1754-1838), French statesman, prominent role in the Congress of Vienna 1814-1815.

Thorwaldsen, Bertel, (1770-1844), Danish sculptor, creator of the Lucerne lion monument, honorary member of the Copenhagen lodge «Zerubabel».

Truman, Harry S. (1884-1972), professional politician, Vice President, then 33rd President of the USA 1945-1953, assumed responsibility for the dropping of the first atomic bomb in 1945, supported the Marshal's plan to help Western Europe from 1947.

Chiang, Kaishek or Jiang Jieshi (1887-1975), leader of the Kuomintang (People's Party), after alliance with the communists against the Japanese, generalis-simus in the civil war against Mao's party, fled to Taiwan after the defeat with the state treasury and ruled the republic there dictatorially with the aim of conquering all of China again. Member of the "Pagoda Lodge" in Massachusetts.

Tschoudy, Theodor Henry, Baron von (1727-1769), founder of the Masonic system of Swiss descent.

Tucholsky, Kurt, (1890-1935), German writer («Schloss Gripsholm»), was a member of a corner lodge.

Twain, Mark (1835-1910), American writer ("Tom Sawyer", "Huckleberry Finn").

Uhlmann, Fritz (1881-1938), doctor and pharmacologist, private lecturer in Basel, author of a ritual in Esperanto, member of the "Friendship and Resistance" lodge, founder and chairman of the "Zum Fels am Rhein" lodge, later "Osiris", president of the Allgemeine Freemason League, author of a book on the AASR, the three catechisms and the «Great Works of Freemasonry».

Vieuxtemps, Henri (1820-1881), Belgian violinist and composer, member of the Royal Academy.

Voltaire, The pseudonym of François-Marie Arouet (1694-1778), writer, poet and thinker of the French Enlightenment, friend of King Frederick the Great, was accepted into the Parisian lodge «Les Neuf Soeurs» shortly before his death.

Voss, Johann Heinrich (1751-1826), professor of philosophy in Heidelberg, translator of Greek and Latin classics, member of the Hamburg lodge "To the three roses", but resigned in a dispute with the grand state lodge.

Washington, George (1732-1799), first President of the United States of America, chairman of the Alexandria Lodge. He took the oath on the constitution on the Bible of «St. John's Lodge »No. 1 in New York. When the foundation stone was laid for the Capitol, he wore a Masonic apron specially made by the Marquise Lafayette and used the hammer given to him by the GM of Maryland for this purpose.

Weber, Karl Julius (1767-1832), humorous writer («Democritus or the papers left behind by a laughing philosopher»).

Weitz, Paul J. (* 1932), astronaut (Skylab 2, STS 6).

Wellington, Sir Arthur Duke von (1769-1852), British Field Marshal, Victor of Waterloo (with Blücher), Prime Minister, was admitted to a lodge in Ireland but later denied his membership.

Wesley, John (1703-1791), English clergyman and founder of the Methodist Church, member of an Irish lodge.

Wieland, Christoph Martin (1733-1813), German poet ("Agathon", "Abderiten", "Oberon"), prince tutor in Weimar, friend of Goethe and Herder, member of the "Amalia" lodge.

Wigmann, Mary (1886-1973), world-famous dancer and choreographer, developed the "Expression Dance", founding member of the Zurich Lodge "Libertas et Fraternitas" in 1917, from the Oriental Temple Order (OTO). In 1925 this lodge was accepted into the SGLA. Willermoz, Jean Baptiste, (1730-1824), silk merchant in Lyon, founder of the RSR.

Wirth, Oswald (1860-1943), ministerial librarian in Paris, esoteric writer, member of the "Travail et Vrais Amis Fidèles" lodge, member of the Supreme Council of the French AASR, founder and editor of the magazine "Le symbolisme", author of instruction books for the three degrees and the book "Le symbolisme occult de la Franc-Maçonnerie".

Wren, Sir Christopher (1632-1723), builder of St. Paul's Cathedral in London. Its recording on May 18, 1691 is unsecured and is doubted by Gould.

Yarker, John (1833-1913), English writer, theosophist, Rosicrucian, head of the English Swedenborg rite and the AASR of Cerneau.

Young, Brigham (1805-1877), head of the Mormons, led them to the Salt Lake when they were expelled from Illinois for polygamy, ruled dictatorially as governor of the Mormon territory of Utah after the assassination of the Prophet Smith, and was deposed by President Buchanan.

Zilk, Helmut (* 1927), Dr. Phil., Professor of education, program director ORF, 1984-94 mayor of Vienna, lost his left hand in a letter bomb, member of a Viennese lodge.

Zinnendorf, Johann Wilhelm von (1731-1782), Field Staff Medic of the Prussian Army, member of the boxes "Philadelphia to the three golden arms" (Halle), "To the three skeletons of the dead" (Breslau), "To the three world balls" (Berlin), the field box "Zum golden Becher" and many others, prefect of the "Strikten Observanz", founder of the great state box and founder of the Swedish system in Germany.

Zschokke, Heinrich (1771-1848), popular writer, politician, seminar director, co-founder of the “Wilhelm Tell” lodge (today “Zur Brudertreue”) in Aarau.

Source: Masonic Handbook; Research Group Alpina (FGA)