How does quote count

What is a quote, what is plagiarism?

1. What is a quotation and what is plagiarism?

When doing academic work or preparing for school, a quote is used to provide evidence that someone else's ideas are used. Others can check what has been said and distinguish their own performance from that of others. There are two types of quotations: verbatim quotations and indirect quotations. While the verbatim quotation is taken directly from the foreign text, an indirect quotation is used to reproduce a fact, a theory or the like in your own words.

In the Copyright Act (Paragraph 51), a permissible quotation is more narrowly defined than in everyday understanding. There are a number of requirements that make up a legal quote:

• It has to serve a purpose - for example, as evidence in a paper, for which an exact source is required. The content must not be changed and the meaning must not be distorted.

• You can only quote as much as is necessary for the respective purpose. There is no absolute limit, it always depends on the individual case. The right to quote is interpreted extremely narrowly.

• In the case of scientific publications in particular, copyright law allows, under certain conditions, to cite a work not just in part but in its entirety. For example, if an entire poem is included in a non-fiction book about the poet, in which it documents the author's explanations.

• The work must have been published in order to be able to quote from it. If it is not published, as is the case with letters, you usually need permission from the author or the respective rights holder.

• It is considered plagiarism to take over third party content verbatim or indirectly without specifying the source. According to a definition by the University Rectors' Conference, plagiarism is "unauthorized exploitation under presumption of authorship". The term “plagiarism” does not appear directly in the copyright law itself. However, an author has the right to be named, so that plagiarism violates the principle of recognition of authorship.

For more detailed explanations about citation, see the recommended links at the end of the text under "Further information".