What is a limerick poem

Limerick: Effect & 12 Examples of the Joking Poem

The limerick is a form of poetry used in many lyric texts and nursery rhymes. It is a short and funny poem in five verses. We'll show you what makes a limerick and how it works. We also have some limericks as examples for you.

The short structure and the rhyme scheme distinguish the Limerick. But above all, it should be joking and funny. A good punchline at the end makes the recipient laugh and makes a good limerick. One of the most famous representatives of Limerick was Edward Lear. Many poets see the Irish writer as the inventor and founder of the poem form. In his well-known work 'A Book of Nonsense' he has summarized his works.

Definition: what the limerick is

The Limerick: Joking and Funny

Limerick is one short and joking Poem form. By a good one Punchline at the end of Poem do you recognize a well-written limerick. In some cases the joke is too sarcasticor even slippery.

Basically, you recognize one limerick on his construction and Rhyme scheme. With five verses and the rhyme scheme aabba, this differs from other poem forms.

Many classical poets have used the form of limerick in their works. But the poem form is also often used in children's songs.

Background and story

The Irish city of Limerick

How exactly that limerick got his name is not entirely clear. There are different theories: One possible explanation is that the name is derived from the irish soldier song 'Will you come up to Limerick?' has derived.

Another theory is that the term applies to the Irish city and county of Limerick is ajar. It is believed that two poets in County Limerick wrote poetry in this as yet unknown form. So, according to the theory, the Name of the county adopted for such poem forms. However, it has not yet been proven whether one of these theories is correct. What is certain is that the official name 'Limerick' did not emerge until early 19th century prevailed.

Poem formswho are very fond of Limerick similar are, but existed before that time. In the early 17th century it was 'Ophelia’s Song' in the factory Hamlet of William Shakespeare written in a very similar form. And that too Drinking song in Othello already shows features of the poem form.

For many poets and enthusiasts of Limerick, this applies above all else Edward Lear as the founder of the poem form, who probably wrote his first Limericks around 1820. Likewise was the International Limerick Day set on the twelfth of May. This is Edward Lear's birthday. It is believed that the English writer that Soldier song 'Will you come up to Limerick' as inspirationused and derived from it the Limerick arose.

Features of limerick

Limerick differs from in certain ways other poem forms. The main features are, on the one hand, the Structure of the poem and on the other hand the rhyme scheme. But also that joking content characterizes a classic limerick. So it is usually about funny poemswhich are sometimes even nonsensical and should make the reader smile.

Limerick: content and structure

The Limerick as a short and funny poem

Limerick has a wide range of themes and content. He can political problems to treat, socially critical be, but also cynical issues are allowed. Limerick should always be written in a joking way.

Therefore, it does not depend primarily on the chosen theme, but like the poet does Topic implements. The humor plays a crucial role in Limerick. It's about a funny poemso that serious subjects should be written in a casual and playful manner. In addition, a good punch line built in to take the seriousness out of the subject. The type of humor is different. Many limericks make use of this black humor and can sarcastic or be very snappy.

You can usually tell a limerick by his construction: In the first two verses, in most cases there will be a geographic location or one person described. The third and fourth Verses summarize or expand the story. In the last verse it comes to Climax of Limericks, who is usually with a Punchline ends.

Rhyme and rhyme scheme

The rhyme scheme is a classic feature of limerick. In the shape aabba the first two and the last verse rhyme. Likewise, the third and fourth verse form a rhyme.

In the limerick of the famous Irish writer James Joyce you will find the rhyme scheme again:

There once was a lounger named Stephen (a)
Whose youth was most odd and uneven. (a)
He throve on the smell (b)
Of a horrible hell (b)
That a Hottentot wouldn't belive in. (A)

- James Joyce (1882-1941) -

In many limericks you can find many Repetitions of words and rhymes. Especially that last word the first and last verse are often the same in this form of poetry. In these cases it is a question of one identical rhyme, which in some countries is called frowned upon and flawed applies.

Limerick Rhythm

Usually a limerick is made up of five verses in the Anapast: Two unstressed syllables are followed by a stressed syllable. In some cases there are also poem forms in the dactyl. Here after a stressed two unstressed syllables follow.

The anapest was in the Antiquityoften for Marching songs used and therefore has a dynamic, serene and pushing forward character. This also fits with the joke that Limerick seeks to convey.

At Limerick, there is less that rhythm in the foreground. There are also some poems that do not adhere to a meter. Basically, you can tell a limerick by that typical rhyme scheme and the joke or the Punchline at the end of the poem.

Pointe as the climax of limerick

The punch line as the climax of the funny poem

The aim of one limerick is to get the readers to Laugh bring to. Many poets use a punch line at the end of the poem for this. Humor is subjective and depending on the recipient, why not every punch line and not every joke one Limericks matches the humor of the recipient.

In the best of cases, however, the punch line will get you through one Surprise effect and a unexpected ending to laugh at. Be through the punch line Connections distinct or change. A surprise effect arises and the recipient evaluates the Content of the poem New. This is how the The climax of limerick, which makes the poem playful.

Effect of Limericks

Basically the Limerick is one funny poemthat seems joking. The aim of the punch line is to make the recipient smile or laugh. Depending on the humor, a limerick brings not every person laugh. Still that is crucial feature the poem form the joke.

Usually a limerick is in the Anapaest written. In some cases the meter is also a dactyl. Both meters have a rather positive character. During the anapest cheerful and joyful works, the dactyl has one solemn and significant Effect. This effect amplifies the joke and the punch line at the end of the poem.

Examples of the funny poem

Limericks can be found in many text forms Application. Especially in the Poetryyou can find some examples. But also Children's songs and children's poems are often written in the form of a limerick.
So that you can get an idea of ​​the poem form, we have some examples for you.

Funny poems in lyric

Limericks in lyric

Limericks are often used in lyrical form written. Poets and writers adhere to that formal means the poem form, such as the rhyme scheme, rhythm or the content. In addition to Edward Lear, one of the most important representatives of the Limericks, they also have many other poets Limericks written.

There was a small boy of Quebec,
Who was buried in snow to his neck;
When they said. "Are you friz?"
He replied, "Yes, I is-
But we don't call this cold in Quebec. "

- Rudyard Kipling (1865-1935) -

There was a young lady of Niger
Who smiled as she rode on a tiger;
They returned from the ride
With the lady inside,
And the smile on the face of the tiger.

-William Cosmo Monkhouse (1840-1901) -

A man hired by John Smith and Co.
Loudly declared that he’d tho.
Men that he saw
Dumbing dirt near his door
The drivers, therefore, didn't do.

-Mark Twain (1835-1910) -

There was a young lady of station
'I love man' was her sole exclamation.
But when men cried, "You flatter"
She replied, 'Oh! No matter!
Isle of Man is the true explanation '

-Lewis Carroll (1832-1898) -

Langford Reed saved the limerick verse,
From being taken away in a hearse.
He made it so clean
Now it's fit for a queen,
Re-established for better or worse.

-George Bernhard Shaw (1856-1950) -

Limericks in nursery rhymes and poems

Limericks in nursery rhymes and poems

Through the amusing and playful way Limericks are often used in nursery rhymes and children's poems. In so-called Nursery Rhyhms, in traditional songs and poems for children in the english language, you will find many limericks again.

Depending on the version, the Poems and songs Changed to match the rhyme scheme and the verse form. The content of this remains the same. Many of these nursery rhymes come from the 18th and 19th centuries, but can also be older. Because the origin of many children's songs not known is, they are Authors and poets of the original versions often unknown.

Hickory, dickory, dock,
The mouse ran up the clock.
The clock struck one,
The mouse ran down
Hickory, dickory, dock

- Nursery Rhyme Hickory Dickory Dock-

Diddley, Diddley, Dumpty;
The cat ran up the plum tree.
I'll wager a crown
I'll fetch you down;
Sing, Diddledy, Diddledy, Dumpty.

-Children's song Diddley, Diddley, Dumpty-

Limericks by Edward Lear

Funny poems by Edward Lear

One of famous poet of Limerick is Edward Lear. For many, the English writer is even considered the founder of the term and is said to have invented the poem form.

In his book 'A Book of Nonsense' he has published numerous limericks from so-called nonsense literature. Nonsense becomes with the German word nonsense translates and describes forms of poetry that oppose reality and real connections differently than in reality.

Edward Lear's limericks are also said to be his predilection for nonsense demonstrate. At the beginning, Lear has his Limericks for the kids written to his family. To the kids too amuse yourself, the poems had to be funny. Next German translations do we have originals Limericks by Edward Lear as examples.

Stest only wore a handkerchief instead of the doublet
Blessed Ramses even when it rains.
He catches a very cold
and lost his hearing.
Then his doctor said: "Well, there hamses!"

- Edward Lear (1812-1888) -

To the barons of Hohenstaufen
A head of cattle had run away.
“It sits in the branches!
I am considered to be the best! "
exclaimed the Baron von Hohenstaufen.

- Edward Lear (1812-1888) -

There was an Old Man, on whose nose,
most birds of the ait could repose;
But they all flew away
at the closing of day,
Which relieved that Old Man and his Nose.

- Edward Lear (1812-1888) -

There was an Old Man with a beard,
who said, ″ It is just as I feared! -
Two Owls and a Hen,
four Larks and a Wren,
Have all built their nests in my beard! "

- Edward Lear (1812-1888) -

There was a Young Lady of Ryde,
whose shoe-strings were seldom untied;
She purchased some clogs,
and some small spotty dogs,
And frequently walked about Ryde.

- Edward Lear (1812-1888) -

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