What are minimum wage jobs

Wiesbaden (dpa) - In the recent upswing on the German labor market, the number of jobs paid with a minimum wage has decreased significantly.

In April 2018, the minimum wage was paid in 930,000 jobs, as the Federal Statistical Office announced on Thursday based on preliminary results. That corresponded to 2.4 percent of all employment relationships. Within three years, the proportion has more than halved, because in spring 2015 there were still 1.91 million minimum wage jobs.

Another 509,000 jobs or 1.3 percent of all jobs even had an arithmetical hourly wage below the minimum wage, reported the statistics agency. However, this is not necessarily due to violations of the Minimum Wage Act, as individual details such as special regulations for interns cannot be shown in the statistics. In this category, too, the number had almost halved since 2015.

The German Trade Union Federation (DGB) criticized the investigation, which did not cover the mini-job area. Low wages are particularly often paid here and working hours are not precisely recorded. In comparable studies such as the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), 2.4 million employees are reported for 2018 who do not receive the minimum wage, as DGB board member Stefan Körzell explained in Berlin. He also referred to the increasing number of cases at customs, which are taking action against minimum wage fraud. "The criminal offense" minimum wage cheating "must not appear smaller than it actually is," demanded the unionist.

When it was introduced in 2015, the minimum hourly wage was initially 8.50 euros, from January 2017 it was 8.84 euros. Now you have to pay at least 9.35 euros per hour. The evaluation is based on data from random samples from the companies' payroll accounting. The chairman of the NGG union, Guido Zeitler, demanded a rapid increase to 12 euros in order to make the minimum wage really poverty-proof. In addition, customs must intensively monitor compliance with the regulations.