How can I import vegetables from Bangladesh
Fruit and vegetables from third countries enjoy a competitive advantage due to their lower production costs there, which is offset by import duties (agricultural duties) when these products are imported into the Union. In the case of the important types of fruit and vegetables, this is done using an import or entry price system, which is also known as the entry price procedure.
If the import price of certain fruit and vegetables falls below the so-called entry price, the compensation mechanism takes effect. The entry price is set by the WTO (World Trade Organization) for certain types of fruit and vegetables.
If the import price falls below this, in addition to the ad valorem duty, an additional specific duty, proportionally adjusted depending on the degree of the shortfall, is levied.
The entry price system applies to tomatoes, cucumbers and zucchini all year round. For other products such as oranges, table pears, apricots, cherries, peaches and plums, it is only used in certain seasonal periods.
Since the fruit and vegetables in question are often delivered in consignment stores with a limited shelf life, it is more difficult to determine their value. For this reason, a flat-rate import value is determined for the fruit and vegetables subject to the entry price system. The lump-sum import value is determined individually by the EU Commission. For this purpose, a weighted average is calculated for each product on representative import markets of the European Union. Here, the seasonally fluctuating prices and the different qualities of the retail classes are taken into account.
For the application of the Common Customs Tariff, the import price of a delivery of fruit and vegetables is based on the customs value specified in Regulation (EU) No. 952/2013 (Union Customs Code - UCC) and Regulation (EU) 2015/2447 (Implementing Regulation for the UZK - IA). As a result, the import price for fruit and vegetables on which the market regulation law is based corresponds to the customs value determined in accordance with customs law.
Import price for products imported on a consignment basis
With this type of business, there is usually no purchase transaction at the time of import, or the final sales price cannot yet be determined. In this case, the customs value is determined directly in accordance with Article 74 (2) c UZK, on the basis of the price per unit (so-called deductive method). For this purpose, the flat-rate import value is the unit price during the applicable periods. For imports on a consignment basis, this means that the import duty is determined directly in the amount of the duty based on the flat-rate import value. No security is charged.
Collection of securities for the importation of fruit and vegetables
In the cases of customs valuation according to Articles 70 and 74 paragraph 2 c) UCC, the collection of a security may be considered. The calculation of the security takes place on the basis of a fictitious levying of taxes on the basis of the lump-sum import value. In the case of a customs value calculation based on the transaction value within the meaning of Article 70 UCC, a security is only levied if this customs value is more than 8 percent above the standard import value. This regulation does not apply, however, if the lump-sum import value is above the entry price or the declarant requests direct entry in the books.
Marketing standards for import and export
In addition, certain documents may be required as proof of compliance with marketing standards or minimum requirements for the import and export of fruit and vegetables.
You can find more information on this in the field of foreign trade and cash transactions.
Certificate of conformity, declaration of waiver (import)
Certificate of conformity for fruit and vegetables (export)
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