Who is the healthiest person

Blue Zones: This is where the healthiest and oldest people in the world live

What we can learn from the oldest and healthiest people in the world

They don't know about diets or modern rejuvenation cures: The residents of the "Blue Zones" keep fit naturally and stay healthy into old age. We reveal where and how the healthiest people in the world live - and we have 7 tips to help you age just as healthily.

What are the Blue Zones?

The Blue Zones are 5 areas on earth, in which an astonishingly high number of people reach a handsome age in excellent health. The residents of the Blue Zones therefore not only get particularly old, but also maintain their health and fitness into old age. A dream for most of us. Because with modern medicine we are getting older - life expectancy is increasing - but typical Diseases of civilization such as obesity, type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular diseases plague us even before we retire. The typical lifestyle of Western countries - sitting a lot, eating a lot, moving little, constant stress - accelerates the aging process.

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How do the residents of the Blue Zones feed?

The 5 Blue Zones are distributed all over the world: including the residents of Ikaria in Greece, Okinawa in Japan, Ogliastra in Sardinia, Nicoya in Costa Rica and the Seventh-day Adventists in Loma Linda, California. So it is a question of completely different places and population groups on earth. The diet of these groups also shows very large differences in some cases. For example, the diet in Okinawa consists of 67 percent sweet potatoes. In Nicoya and Sardinia, a quarter of the foods consumed are dairy products. The Seventh-day Adventists in Loma Linda cover 27 percent of their daily requirements with fruit. In some cases, there are very large differences in the macronutrient distribution and the individual foods. The crucial commonality, however, is that the largest component is always plant-based: Lots of fresh vegetables and fruit, legumes as well Whole grain cereals and potatoes. Meat and fish consumption is extremely low in all Blue Zones. In the following 7 tips, you will find out which factors, besides diet, play a decisive role in the lives of the Blue Zone residents.

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7 tips for everyone who is getting old and want to stay healthy

  1. Move every day: The healthiest people are not necessarily competitive athletes or go to the gym every day. However, they move around every day. They go for walks in the fresh air, ride bicycles or do gardening.
  2. meaning of life: In Okinawa it is called "Ikigai", in Nicoya "plan de vida" - giving your life meaning and having enough reasons to get up in the morning. You too should therefore find enough reasons and a purpose in life.
  3. Switch off: Acute, short-term stress is not bad, it actually makes us more productive. However, constant stress makes you sick. You should therefore consciously plan moments of rest in your everyday life. There is something for everyone in the Blue Zones: On Okinawa, the ancestors are remembered in prayer shrines, the Adventists pray in Loma Linda, on Ikaria they take a nap.
  4. The 80 percent rule: Stop eating as soon as you feel 80 percent full. In Okinawa this is called "Hara hachi bu" - a 2500 year old Confucian mantra. The feeling of satiety takes 20 minutes to fully enter. If you put the cutlery away as soon as you feel 100 percent full, you have already had too much.
  5. Plant eater: The centenarians of the Blue Zones eat meat an average of only five times a month. They mainly get their proteins from legumes like beans and lentils and soy.
  6. A glass of wine is allowed: You don't have to live more papally than the Pope. Most residents of the Blue Zones regularly drink a glass of red wine with dinner. However, the emphasis is on glasses, as larger amounts of alcohol have significantly more negative than positive effects.
  7. Family first: It stands to reason that social contacts and a sense of belonging are good for us. The residents of the Blue Zones, however, are proving how healthy it is to spend time with oneself Affiliations, friends and Partners to spend. Scientists estimate the increased life expectancy through regular contact with grandparents, parents and children, as well as a fulfilling love life, to be up to three years.