What causes high blood pressure in teenagers

High blood pressure in children

Children should also have their blood pressure measured from time to time - especially if they are sedentary and / or overweight. It is to be feared that the number of children with high blood pressure will continue to rise as more and more children are overweight. In Germany already one in five children and one in three young people! However, high blood pressure in childhood or adolescence can also affect children and adolescents of normal weight. One of the reasons for this is a lack of exercise, but also increased salt consumption due to the consumption of too much fast food. Another reason is that more and more children are diagnosed with AHDS (attention deficit disorder) today. The most commonly prescribed drug, on the other hand, is Ritalin. One of the long-term effects of Ritalin is an increase in blood pressure, which pediatric cardiologists see as a risk of developing arteriosclerosis later. The risk of suffering from high blood pressure as an adult is high if it already exists in childhood and / or adolescence. Because high blood pressure "grows together" only in the rarest of cases.

The classification of blood pressure for children is quite controversial. In June 2009, American researchers presented values ​​that should create a standard. However, German doctors objected immediately, since according to this table, 30 percent of children would need treatment as high blood pressure patients.

According to a study by the Robert Koch Institute, blood pressure in children depends on several factors such as height, age and gender. Elevated blood pressure in children is relatively rare (3 percent), but leads to long-term effects such as arteriosclerosis and cardiovascular problems. Therefore, after a closer examination of the causes of high blood pressure in children, a change in life and / or drug therapy is inevitable.

The normal values ​​for children can be found in the following table:


Boys

girl

Age
systolic
diastolic
systolic
diastolic
3
106,567,2106,468
4
106,867,7106,868,2
5
10768107,468,9
6
107,868,7108,569,2
7
10969109,869,9
8
11070111,370,4
9
111,87111371
10
113,57211572
11
115,77311772,8
12
11874119,573,7
13
121,575121,574,5
14
125,576,512375,6
15
129,57812476,8
16
13379124,878
17
13681125,579
18
13982126,480,6

The blood pressure should be measured in (young) children with a special children's upper arm cuff.

The guidelines of the German Hypertension League for high blood pressure values ​​can be seen below:


Normal (mean)

Onset of hypertension (95th percentile)

Newborn
60/35 mmHgover 90/50 mmHg
1st year of life
85/40 mmHgover 100/60 mmHg
4 years
95/50 mmHgover 110/70 mmHg
8 years
100/60 mmHgover 115/80 mmHg
12 years
105/62 mmHgover 125/80 mmHg
older than 16 years
115/65 mmHgover 135/85 mmHg

The normal values ​​for adults can be found under normal blood pressure values. These correspond to the guidelines of the WHO.

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    All content has been checked medically and is revised several times a year. Last update from Sabine Croci(11/2020).