Which is the most violent Mexican cartel

Fight among the cartels : Murder rate in Mexico at record high

The last time it hit Maricela Vallejo Orea. The mayor of Mixtla de Altamirano was shot dead in the middle of the week - as was her husband and the driver. Three more dead in the Mexican violent drama. Vallejo belonged to the left-wing Morena party of the new president Andrés Manuel López Obrador. She had bravely opposed organized crime in Veracruz state. There was a minute's silence in parliament. The pressure on the left-wing President López Obrador is growing, he wanted to curb the murder rate; instead, they have climbed to a record high.

In the first three months of the current year, 8,493 murders were recorded, 682 of them in the state of Veracruz. This means that the murder rate is almost ten percent higher than in the same period last year. With 33,369 murders, 2018 was already the most violent year since statistics began in 1997. For comparison: In Germany, 386 people were murdered last year.

The view of Mexico is often weighed down by clichés, but the security problem turns the country into a powder keg for the entire region. The drug war produces many refugees. The situation is exacerbated by people fleeing from youth gangs from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala who want to travel to the USA through Mexico. US President Donald Trump wants to close the bulkheads at the border with all his might - these people are also stranded in Mexico - and hopelessness and future prospects repeatedly mean that the criminal sector can recruit young people.

President's plans

The monumental novel “Days of the Dead” by Dan Winslow or the Netflix series about the drug king “El Chapo”, who was extradited to the USA, conveyed to an international audience the effects of drug trafficking and the violence of the cartels. President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, or Amlo for short, therefore presented plans for a national guard of around 50,000 people, which would lead the fight instead of the police and which would be subordinate to the Ministry of Defense.

In addition, an amnesty program is intended to encourage criminals to surrender their weapons, and an educational offensive is intended to ensure that young people no longer choose the route to crime as often. But an enormous amount of money is being made in the drug business, and Europe is becoming more and more interesting as a sales market. Judges and police officers are bought, traitors and opponents are brutally executed. Also because the impunity is over 95 percent, the problem can hardly be contained.

"El Chapo" as a trigger

Foreign Minister Heiko Maas (SPD) will be in Mexico in just under a week to get an idea of ​​the situation. It is also about the question of whether Germany can help more in the security area. Of all things, the extradition of Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán and the sentencing to life imprisonment has aggravated the security situation. He had previously been imprisoned in Mexico several times - which also weakened the Sinaloa cartel he led and led to splits. “In the past twelve years, large syndicates have split up into smaller groups, which has led to a plethora of deadly regional armed conflicts,” emphasizes the International Crisis Group, which specializes in conflict analysis.

"The mass of killings is in part due to the fragmentation of the cartels into around 200 smaller armed groups, which has led to competition between these groups." The fragmentation also makes it more difficult for the bosses to control, the Crisis Group emphasizes . Where a cartel dominates everything, there are usually fewer deaths from the drug war.

In addition, the Mexican state and especially its security services continue to suffer from corruption, collusion with illegal actors or even the criminal arrest of local police forces who oppose the crime. Amlo still enjoys a lot of trust - but previous years have shown that more state violence against the cartels only resulted in more deaths.

The transnational cartels are also increasingly becoming a burden for economic investments, as well as for tourism in this country, which is actually worth seeing with its long cultural history and special nature. It was not for nothing that Alexander von Humboldt was fascinated by the diversity of Mexico during his almost one year stay in 1803/1804.

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