Why didn't ancient Rome fall?

Why did ancient Rome lose more and more power?


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Why did ancient Rome lose more and more power?

In the 2nd century AD, the Roman Empire expanded from Syria and Egypt via Mauritania, the Iberian Peninsula, today's France to Great Britain, Belgium and today's Turkey. But gradually the Roman Empire lost more and more power and influence. What was that? Carolin from Gelsenkirchen would like to have this question answered.

The decline of the Roman Empire dragged on over several centuries. This loss of power had both domestic and foreign policy reasons.
The enormous rulership of Rome was also one of the reasons for the empire's problems. In all its size and at its borders, it was difficult to control and defend against hostile tribes.

Aggressive peoples who wanted to conquer Roman territory lived on its borders. As early as the 3rd century, some tribes invaded the Roman Empire. So the Goths from Russia, who took Athens in 276 AD.

The Roman leadership saw only one solution for ruling this huge empire: partition. Thus, under the rule of Emperor Theodosius, the western empire with the capital Rome and the eastern empire with the capital Constantinople were created.

The Wesgoths and the Vandals invaded the Western Roman Empire. The last Western Roman emperor, Romulus Augustus, ruled AD 475-476.

The Eastern Roman Empire, which included Greece and Egypt, tried to regain the territories that the Western Roman Empire had lost. But more and more areas in the west went to the enemy invaders. In addition, the Muslims took over Africa and Spain. The Eastern Empire was ruled by emperors until 1454 AD, when the Turks took Constantinople.

Domestic political reasons were the struggle for power in Rome. In addition, the plague raged in the 2nd century AD, which weakened the army's strength.
Due to the invading trunks, the peripheral areas were in constant emergency and fearful situations. There was a currency crisis because the army swallowed up enormous amounts of money. Twenty-six emperors took turns between 235 and 285, elected and deposed by the troops. Looting and devastation were commonplace in the provinces.

In addition, the rich Romans complained about a decline in morals, which is said to have contributed to the decline of the empire. So corruption was a constant problem.

In 284 Diocletian was made emperor. He reformed the army. And tightened the tax laws, to the detriment of the farmers. He tried to divide central power, but his model was short-lived. After his abdication there was again a dispute over power. Constantine became the sole ruler of the empire. Constantine also chose the new city of Constantinople as the new center of his power. However, Rome and the Western Roman Empire increasingly got into a crisis.

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