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Cannabis Legalization - Success Or Failure?

In the United States, adults can live in 11 states (Alaska, Colorado, Illinois, California, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada, Oregon, Vermont, and Washington) as well as in the capital, Washington D.C. (District of Columbia) smoke weed legally. Except in Vermont and Washington D.C. Cannabis products are legal for sale in these states. In these states, anyone over the age of 21 can buy, not just patients. Patients with a doctor's prescription can now be found in 33 of the 50 states and Washington D.C. Acquiring cannabis as medicine. Many states allow patients to grow their own cannabis, including Alaska, Colorado, Illinois, California, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada, Oregon, Vermont, and Washington, and Washington D.C. This applies not only to patients, but also to all adults who, as leisure consumers, want to grow crops themselves.

Large majority are in favor of legalization

The polling institute Gallup first asked Americans in 1969 whether they were in favor of legalizing cannabis. At that time, 12 percent were in favor of legalization. By the end of the 1970s, the proportion of supporters rose to 28 percent, but then fell due to the propaganda campaign "Just say no“Back to 25 percent and stayed there until the mid-1990s. Then the proportion of proponents of legalization rose again and in 2000 had already reached 31 percent. A year after a majority in Colorado and Washington State voted for the legalization of cannabis for consumption in 2012, a majority of respondents in the United States were in favor of legalization for the first time.

The polling institute Gallup first asked Americans in 1969 whether they were in favor of legalizing cannabis. As a result, the polling institute polled Americans on the same topic every few years, and from 2009 even annually. A compilation of the results is listed in the Gallup PDF.

Approval according to party preference

Since 2013, a majority in the Gallup Institute's annual polls has always been in favor of legalizing cannabis. In 2018 and 2019 it was 66 percent - the highest value ever. For the first time in 2017, a majority of Republican supporters also spoke out in favor of legalizing cannabis.

According to Gallup polls, more than half (51 percent) of Republican supporters have been in favor of legalizing cannabis for the first time since October 2017. This proportion has not changed in the past three years. Among the supporters of the Democrats, however, there were far more in 2017: 72 percent, in 2019 already 76 percent. The proportion of independent voters is currently 68 percent. Obviously, an increasing majority in the US is convinced that the experiences that are made in the states with a legal status of cannabis have a positive impact on society.

The age groups

The oldest age group (born between 1928 and 1945) is called the group of "Silent" designated. The second oldest age group is called the generation of "Boomers“(Born between 1946 and 1964). The so-called "Generation X“(Born between 1965 and 1980). The youngest are the "Milliennals“, Which were born between 1981 and 2000.

In the youngest age group, the Milliennals, exactly twice as many people are currently in favor of legalizing cannabis as in the group of the oldest, the Silents. In the group of the youngest, the proportion of proponents of such legalization is currently 80 percent, in the group of the oldest 40 percent - the only age group with a minority in favor of legalization. In the second oldest group of boomers, the proportion of proponents of the legalization of cannabis is already 61 percent and in the third oldest group, Generation X, 63 percent.

Twelve years ago, apart from the elderly (23 percent), the proportion of proponents of cannabis legalization was almost the same (36 to 39 percent), and among the youngest at 36 percent it was even slightly lower than in the two middle age groups: Generation X with 38 percent and the boomers with 39 percent.

Ability to learn in the age groups

An old saying goes that the head is round so that the mind can change its direction. This seems to be more true of younger people than of older people. In the youngest age group, twice as many people have changed their minds in favor of legalizing cannabis within the last twelve years as in the boomer age group and far more than twice as many as in the senior age group.

Increase in the proportion of people in each age group in favor of legalizing cannabis from 2008 to 2019. Data sources: Pew Research Center, Gallup

Significant differences in religious attitudes

Belonging to a certain denomination or no denomination plays just as important a role in the frequency of consent to legalization of cannabis as does age. Among people who do not feel they belong to any denomination, 78 percent were in favor of legalizing cannabis in 2017. Among the fundamentalist evangelical Protestants there were not even half as many - just 38 percent. Above all, these are people who prefer to prescribe religion to their children in school instead of ethics or creationism instead of evolutionary theory (Darwinism).

In 2019, questions were not asked about religious affiliation, but about the frequency of attendance at church services. Americans who attend church services weekly are among the subgroups least likely to say that marijuana should be legalized. Of the weekly churchgoers, only 42 percent are in favor. This is very little compared with more than three-quarters of those who rarely or never attend church (77 percent) and 63 percent of those who attend church occasionally. The frequency of church attendance is apparently inversely proportional to the opinion that cannabis should be legalized.

Cannabis Legalization - Success Or Failure?

In April 2020, YouGov surveyed 27,328 adults in the United States about the legalization of cannabis. The question was:

Do you think the legislation in the states that decided to allow recreational marijuana to be a success or a failure?

A majority of Americans say adult marijuana legalization has been a success in the states that introduced it. This is based on nationwide polls compiled by YouGov 2020. 55 percent of respondents said that statewide laws allowing recreational marijuana use have either been entirely or largely successful. 19 percent of the respondents said that the laws were rather unsuccessful or largely unsuccessful. 26 percent did not express an opinion.

Support was strongest among supporters of the Democratic Party, of whom 67 percent praised the legalization laws (great or rather great success). 54 percent of independents said the legalization was successful, but only 41 percent of Republicans shared this view.

About the situation in California

California is the most populous state with about 40 million inhabitants. More than two in three registered voters in California (68 percent) believed that adoption of the initiative (Proposition 64) in 2016 to legalize the possession, sale and personal use of marijuana among adults, according to a September 2019 poll was a good thing. Only 30% of voters felt this was a bad thing. The representative survey was conducted from September 13-18, 2019 by the Berkeley IGS Poll in English and Spanish in California. 4,527 California registered voters were interviewed.

The political ideology as described by the voters themselves, as well as party preferences, differ significantly in their views on the law. For example, 92 percent of voters who consider themselves very liberal in politics believe that the marijuana legalization law was a good thing. In contrast, this is what only 34 percent of voters say, who describe themselves as very conservative.

While more than seven in ten Democrats (78 percent) and non-party voters (71 percent) view the state's legalization of marijuana as a good thing, less than half of Republicans (48 percent) see it that way.

The largest majorities were among voters under 40 years of age (around 8 in 10), followed by those between 40 and 65 (more than 6 in 10) who saw the passage of Proposition 64, which legalizes marijuana, as a good thing for look at the state. For those over 65 years of age it was just under 6 out of 10 people.

Conclusion

If a person has attributes such as young, educated, non-denominational, and democratic, then the likelihood is that that person is in favor of cannabis legalization. On the other hand, if a person has attributes such as old, uneducated, fundamentalist evangelical and republican, then the likelihood is high that this person is against the legalization of cannabis.

In an interview regarding the legalization of cannabis with the Legal Tribune Online, the drug commissioner of the federal government, Daniela Ludwig, described the Netherlands and Portugal as "Real laboratories"And asked the question:"What is the point of simulating a tax situation in Germany that will almost certainly not solve the core problems - health and youth protection, better prevention, black market?

Now it is not only in Europe that "Real laboratories"Like the Netherlands and Portugal, but also a dozen of them in the USA and Canada is such a"Real laboratory"And the citizens of the US seem to appreciate the results presented in these"Real laboratories“To be achieved with pleasure. In the article "Americans consider the legalization of cannabis useful" from April 25 in the Hanf Journal, the résumé is:

Why the release of cannabis to adults in Germany should not be considered as an alternative to the failed persecution and black market activities on the part of the Federal Drug Commissioner, although various "real laboratories" have long been attesting to its advantages, should be discussed in more detail in every subsequent conversation with Daniela Ludwig to be discussed.

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