Chinese grammar is very simple

Chinese grammar: the simple sentence

For questions with question pronouns, the question pronouns take the place of the subject, object, attribute, adverb,…. It is important to note that in the Chinese question sentence - in contrast to most German sentences - the word order does not change compared to the declarative sentence. The question pronoun only takes the place of the requested part of the sentence.

rule

example

how

decatchjiānduothere

How big is your room

depéngyouduothere

How old is your girlfriend?

  • Extent, extent of a property
  • comes before the adjective
  • often with 有
míngtiānduozǎoshàng

How early does school start for you tomorrow?

zhèhefāngyingjiāyǒuduoyuǎn

How far is it from here to Fang Ying's home?

why (often rude)

gàn

What are you going to do to hit me?

which (-r, -s)

shìguórén

What nationality is he?

where |||||| where

Where are you going? ||||||||||||| (Ask about the place adverb.)

what, where, how |||| (polite question)

Where are the kids / How are the kids?

zhōngguóno

I'm going to China and you?

míngtiānchīshénmeno

What shall we eat tomorrow?

What

What are you buying? (Ask about the object.)

zàishénmefang

Where are you? (what a place) (ask about the place adverb.)

míngtiānchīshénmeno

What shall we eat tomorrow? (Ask about the object.)

when

shénmeshíhouzǒu

When are you leaving? (Ask about the adverb of time.)

who

Who came? (Ask about the subject.)

n / Ashìshéideshu

Whose book is this?

Why

wèishénmemǎiqúnzi

Why don't you buy the skirt

how, what, why

What is wrong with you?

Zenmeláican

Why doesn't she visit me?

how

How are you?

gàosee belowZenmeyàngzhōngguó

She tells me how to go to China.