Is prayer meditation
* 735, York (?) In England
Scholar, deacon, abbot in Tours
* around 735 in York (?) in England
† May 19, 804 in Tours, France
Alkuin, son of a noble family, was educated at the cathedral school in his hometown York. During a trip to Rome in 781 he met Charlemagne, who brought him to Aachen as head of the court school and adviser, especially on questions of integrating subjugated peoples into his empire. From Aachen he worked as a teacher and scholar throughout the empire, at the court school his students included Hrabanus Maurus and Einhard, among others. In 796 he became abbot of the Benedictine Abbey of Tours; he enlivened monastic life and led the monastery school in particular to a high reputation.
* 909, England
Archbishop of Canterbury
* around 909 at Glastonbury in England
† May 19, 988 in Canterbury, England
Dunstan, from the family of the King of Wessex, grew up with Irish monks in his hometown. He learned the arts of metalworking and book illumination and also had great musical talent. At times he lived at the court of the English king Æthelstan. After 934 he took the monastic vows in Winchester, from 939 to 940 he worked as a close advisor to Æthelstan's successor, King Edmund I of England. Due to hostility, he had to go into exile for a short time, and Edmund I soon appointed him abbot of the monastery in Glastonbury, where Dunstan introduced the Benedictine rule. Dunstan became the champion of the reform of monasticism in England, which had fallen into disrepair since the Danish invasion. He undertook major architectural extensions of his monastery and founded a famous school; Æthelwold became one of his students.
During the reign of King Edred from 946 to 955, Dunstan ran the business of government. He tried to unite the country through numerous religious and political measures and to secure the authority of the crown. Dunstan founded the monasteries of Malmesbury, Westminster - what is now London -, Bath, Exeter and Ely. When King Edwy ascended the throne in 955, Dunstan fell out of favor because he disapproved of the monarch's behavior, was ostracized and had to go into exile in 956, which he spent mainly in the monastery of St. Peter in Ghent.
Just two years later, Edwy's brother Edgar, who later became King of all England, called Dunstan back and made him bishop; the consecration took place on October 21st - the day of Ursula - 957. He was first Bishop of Worcester, then also Bishop of London in 959 and finally became Archbishop of Canterbury in 960. Dunstan was now one of the most influential personalities in the country, the legislation of King Edgar was strongly influenced by him; In 973 Edgar was crowned in Bath. With his support, Dunstan succeeded in ensuring that all monasteries from now on strictly adhere to the rules of the Benedictine order, and he had new churches and educational institutions built.
After King Edgar's death, Dunstan succeeded in raising his son Eduard. Eduard was murdered in 975. In the dispute over his rule, Dunstan then recognized Edward's half-brother Ethelred II, consecrated him as king and became a regular participant in his throne council.
Two life stories written soon after his death laid the foundation for Dunstan's reputation as the most popular person in the Church in England since Bede, considered the most capable of the 10th century reformers. He is often depicted pinching an evil spirit's nose with thick pliers.
* 1253, Minihy-Tréguier in Brittany in France
* October 17th, 1253 in Minihy-Tréguier in Brittany in France
† May 19, 1303 in Kermartin in France
Yves came to Paris at the age of 14 to study law, philosophy and theology. He began his professional career as an official of the Bishop of Rennes, then worked in the same position in Tréguier, was ordained a priest in 1284 and pastor of various villages. After 14 years he gave up his work as a pastor, retired to his parents' Kermartin estate and devoted his energy to helping the poor and the afflicted before secular and spiritual courts. His ascetic attitude and selfless energy, with which he stood up for the needy, gave him the honorary title of "advocate of the poor". The members of the Ivo brotherhoods, who advocate legal protection and are widespread in Romance countries and in Brazil, follow Yves' example.
Bishop of Regensburg
* in Regensburg
† May 19, 1132
Kuno came from a noble family. In 1105 he became abbot in the monastery in Siegburg; Norbert von Xanten and Rupert von Deutz were monks there at that time, and Kuno is said to have had a great influence on them. In 1126 he became bishop of Regensburg; again he gathered important scholars of his time around him, and a wealth of important writings emerged. Kuno reformed the monasteries of his diocese and called Augustinian canons to St. Johann.
St. Maria Bernarda (Verena) Bütler
* 1848, Auw in Aargau in Switzerland
Nun, missionary, founder of the order
* May 28, 1848 in Auw in Aargau in Switzerland
† May 19, 1924 in Cartagena, Colombia
Verena Bütler entered the Capuchin convent Maria Hilf in Altstätten near St. Gallen in 1867 and was given the religious name Maria Bernarda. In 1880 she became superior. In 1888 she went to Ecuador to work as a missionary and founded the congregation of the Franciscan Missionary Sisters of Maria Hilf with tasks in the education of children and in nursing. The revolution drove them to Cartagena in Colombia in 1895.
Sister Maria Rosa Holenstein, her closest colleague, stated in 1933 that Mother Bernarda often complains that the spirit of faith is waning in the world, even among monasteries and priests who are approaching rationalism. Bernarda's practice of faith stood against this: her fellow sister repeatedly watched her kneeling on the floor in the chapel during forty hours of prayer; Traces of blood on the wall probably came from her disciplines.
When the Superior General was not praying or caring for the sick, she wrote. Thousands of pages have been handed down in the order's archive, letters to the branches of their order and diaries created under the guidance of their confessor. The writings, which are only published to a small extent, give a deep insight into their mysticism: O my Jesus, I love you more than anything ... I long for you, I long for you, to take you into my heart. Come, o Jesus, come! ... Day after day, hour after hour I long for the hour when I am with you, O Jesus, forever with you in the heavenly union. ... O good Jesus, your heart is called a vessel that drips with honey; So come, hurry to us to heal the terrible wounds of souls with this heavenly balm!
The missionary sisters of Maria Hilf have spread in the 20th century in South America and in German-speaking Europe, mainly in Austria, they are mainly active in nursing. Today the order has around 840 sisters, in Europe there are still around 70; The Order runs the Maria Bernarda retirement home in Auw. On the occasion of the canonization, a relic was brought to the church in Au.
St. Crispinus of Viterbo
* 1668, Viterbo in Italy
* November 13, 1668 in Viterbo in Italy
† May 19, 1750 in Rome
Pietro Fioretto was a shoemaker, then entered the Capuchin order, took the religious name Crispinus and worked there as a cook and gardener. His cheerfulness and helpfulness made him popular, he wrote several writings and is said to have performed numerous miracles.
In 1983 his glass coffin with the undamaged body was transferred from the Capuchin Church of S. Maria della Concezione on Via Veneto in Rome to the Capuchin Church in Viterbo.
St. Theophilus of Corte
* 1676, Corte on Corsica in France
* October 30, 1676 in Corte on Corsica in France
† May 19, 1740 in Fucecchio in Tuscany in Italy
Teofilo dei Signori became a Franciscan at the age of 17, was ordained a priest and worked as a professor of moral theologians and as a popular missionary. From 1703 he lived in the retreats of the order province of Rome, founded others himself and became superior of the order in the monastery in Fucecchio.
St. Cölestin V
* 1215, Isernia in Abruzzo (?) In Italy
* around 1215 in Isernia in Abruzzo (?) in Italy
† May 19, 1296 in Castello di Fumone near Rome
At the age of twelve, Pietro Angelari entered the Benedictine order. But soon he decided to lead a life as a hermit and retired to Abruzzo on Mount Murrone near Sulmona, now he called himself Pietro da Morrone. Many like-minded people followed him and formed the original cell of the Cölestine order, a subdivision of the Benedictines. Pietro built a church, became abbot of other monasteries and gave his order a tight organization. Despite his popularity - several wonderful healings are reported - Pietro remained an apolitical, simple farmer's son with a strong penchant for mysticism. In 1286 he renounced the dignity of abbot and prior and lived again as a simple hermit.
During his time as a hermit, Pietro was elected Pope on July 5, 1294 in Perugia at the age of almost 80; his election ended hard disputes in the college of cardinals, which had only twelve members, and a two-year vacancy; even then he had a reputation for being a saint. When the news of the election reached him, he wanted to flee into the wild with a brother monk. “I can't save myself; how am I supposed to save the whole world?” He is said to have exclaimed. But his followers besieged his cell and convinced him it was a mortal sin to turn down the election. On July 28, 1294, Pietro - following Christ's example - entered L'Aquila on a donkey. Many in the crowd think that they will experience the second coming of Christ - or at least the entry of the "angel pope": according to the promises of Joachim von Fiore, he should usher in the age of the Holy Spirit and lead the church into an epoch of rest and happiness.
But Celestine had no experience in the administration of the Curia and was soon dictated by Charles II of Naples. Under his pressure he had to move his official seat to Naples; he realized that he would not be able to run the church himself. His decision to abdicate was probably also promoted by Cardinal Benedikt Caëtani, who drafted the deed of abdication and was Coelestin's successor. The people were horrified when they learned of the intention of the prince of the church to resign; A crowd gathered in front of the papal quarters to prevent the resignation. Celestine renounced the abdication, but seven days later, on December 13, 1294, the time had come: After he had answered the question of the possibility of abdication by issuing a constitution on it himself, Celestine put down the papal insignia and donned the ornate robes and put on the monk's habit again.
Coelestin wanted to flee to Greece, but was caught in Apulia. In order to prevent the supporters of Coelestin from triggering a schism, Pope Boniface VIII kept him imprisoned in the fortress Castello di Fumone near Rome until the end of his life.
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