Can psoriasis be cured

Psoriasis - psoriasis of the skin

What is psoriasis?

Human skin is made up of millions of tiny skin cells and usually renews itself within 3 to 4 weeks. This period of time is shortened to a few days in people with psoriasis because the cells of the uppermost skin layer "migrate" to the skin surface faster than in healthy skin. As a result, such cells form shiny scales on red areas of the skin.

Psoriasis is very different from person to person. It can occur once, but most of the time it is permanent. Times with more or less skin complaints often alternate in bursts. Itching is common. This is where the medical term for the disease comes from: psoriasis. "Psao" means "I scratch" in Greek.

Psoriasis is most common on the scalp, behind the ears, on the elbows, knees and buttocks. However, it also occurs in other areas of the skin, for example on the navel, in the genital area or on the nails. About every fifth person affected develops painful and swollen joints, especially on the hands and feet - the so-called Psoriatic arthritis (Inflammation of the joints).

When does psoriasis occur?

About 2 in 100 people have psoriasis. The disease is based on a hereditary predisposition. However, signs of illness only arise when one or more triggers are added:

  • Irritation or injury to the skin
  • Stress, mental stress
  • Use of certain medications, such as beta-blockers for high blood pressure
  • hormonal changes, for example during pregnancy
  • climatic influences, for example in spring or autumn

Sometimes the triggers cannot be determined. Certain medical conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, and heart disease are more common in people with psoriasis.

The treatment

Psoriasis cannot be cured. The aim of the treatment is to live as long as possible without annoying symptoms on the skin, itching or pain in the joints.

Every psoriasis is different. You should discuss with your doctor what you want to achieve with the treatment. For most of those affected, the skin symptoms will largely go away with appropriate treatment. You can have several treatments at the same time:

  • External treatments: Creams or ointments are applied directly to the affected areas of the skin. Recommended: When a few areas are affected and the area of ​​the diseased skin is small.
  • Light treatments: The skin is irradiated with ultraviolet light from special devices. Certain active ingredients or baths with salt water can support the treatment by making the skin sensitive to light. Recommended: For moderate to severe psoriasis.
  • Internal treatments: Act on the whole body by taking a medicine as a tablet or by injection. Recommended: For moderate to severe psoriasis and significant illnesses. First, conventional agents such as cyclosporine, fumarate or methotrexate are used. If they do not work sufficiently or are not tolerated, biological drugs can also be considered. These are proteins that are made from living cells.
  • Basic treatment: Ensures that the skin remains in the best possible condition. It is usually not enough on its own, but it can be done at the same time as other treatments. The basic treatment includes moisturizing creams, ointments or lotions. Recommended: Supplementary for existing skin conditions and for the care of the healed skin.

With many treatments, your blood will be checked regularly in order to detect possible side effects early on.

What you can do yourself

  • Inform your doctor about any intolerances and abnormalities in the course of treatment. Even little things can be important.
  • Certain lifestyle habits have been shown to have an adverse effect on treatment, for example obesity, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and stress. You should avoid these things.
  • Psoriasis is not contagious, but it is visible and does not correspond to the ideal of healthy skin. Other people often react negatively. Therefore, the disease can have an impact on your family, partnership, sexuality and work. Don't be afraid to talk to others about your psoriasis and your fears.
  • Take part in patient training courses, where you will be given information on psoriasis and practical tips on treatment, skin care and ways of reducing stress.
  • Psoriasis is often associated with considerable suffering and psychological stress. Conversely, many sufferers state that their skin gets worse under stress or new spots appear. It can therefore make sense to seek psychological or psychotherapeutic help.