Cancer is curable at any stage nowadays
The great cancer counselor
The diagnosis of cancer is always a shock and associated with many fears for those affected. Even if not every cancer can be cured in every stage, there are now a large number of effective therapy options available with which this diagnosis can be countered.
A disease with many faces
The most common types of cancer in Germany include breast cancer and cervical cancer in adult women and prostate cancer in adult men. Colon cancer, lung cancer, skin cancer, and lymphoma (lymphoma) are other types of cancer that are common in both sexes. Children are particularly likely to develop leukemia. A total of around 300 types of cancer are currently known. Since these show great differences in origin, symptoms and course of the disease, general statements on cancer therapy and its chances of recovery are not possible. The most common forms of therapy today include surgical procedures, radiation, chemotherapy and therapy with antibodies or hormones.
Usually accompanying therapy is necessary
In addition to the direct treatment of the tumor, indicated drug and non-drug accompanying therapies are usually carried out. These usually result from the side effects of primary cancer therapy or, for example, pain caused by the tumor. The improvement of tried and tested cancer therapies and the development of new types of cancer have in the last few decades meant that many types of cancer can be combated successfully. In addition, the quality of life of cancer patients has improved significantly thanks to the systematic treatment of the psychological consequences of cancer. Care has also been significantly improved for cancer patients with a limited life expectancy. The expansion of palliative medical care enables these patients to have a largely pain-free and dignified end of life today.
How does cancer develop? Uncontrolled cell division.
If our body is healthy, the cell tissue that makes up the organs is formed and regenerated evenly through cell division. There is a balance between the formation and death of old cells. In technical jargon, this state is also called homeostasis. In the case of cancer, this balance gets out of control, as certain sections of the genetic material (genes) passed on during cell division have changed in such a way that the natural "suicide mechanism" (apoptosis) of a cell is switched off. The cancer cells that develop in this way have an almost unlimited life expectancy and continue to divide unchecked. This creates tissue accumulations (tumors) that also affect neighboring tissue and can form offshoots (metastases) in other organs or body regions.
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