Which animal should I never poison?

Animal poisoning: symptoms and first aid measures


This is how you can help your dog with poisoning.


This is how you can help your dog with poisoning.

© colourbox.de
Image rights: colourbox.de

This is how you can help your dog with poisoning.

    Dangers to animals lurk everywhere - in the home as well as outside. Many substances can be dangerous for animals: cleaning products, medicines, houseplants or food. How can poisoning be recognized and what should be done?

    Numerous dangers for animals lurk in the house and garden, because many substances, of which one would hardly suspect, can be toxic to animals. It is hardly surprising that drugs and cleaning products are harmful. But it looks different with some houseplants, such as the good old rubber tree or the yucca palm. Certain foods that are delicacies for us humans can also poison dogs or cats, such as chocolate or avocados.

    © colourbox.de
    Image rights: colourbox.de

    Be careful with indoor plants like the rubber tree: it is poisonous to dogs.

    Dangers when walking for a walk: rubbish, plants, poison bait

    There are other dangers lurking outside the home: from spoiled waste to poisonous plants to poisonous bait. You should be prepared for all of this. If an animal is poisoned, quick help is vital!

    Symptoms of poisoning

    Vomiting does not necessarily have to be a symptom of poisoning in animals. This can have a number of other causes as well. Nevertheless, you should then watch your animal closely. If it shows other symptoms such as salivation, tremors, diarrhea, pale mucous membranes, difficulty breathing, unsteady gait or indifference, it can be serious. These are signs of poisoning and the dog or cat must see the vet as soon as possible. It is very helpful if you know or suspect what your animal may have been poisoned with and take a sample with you. In the event of respiratory or cardiac arrest, resuscitation measures have priority over everything else!

    Dilute poison in the stomach with water

    As a first aid measure, you can give your pet water to dilute the poison in the stomach. To do this, fill a syringe (without a cannula) with water, push it into your mouth between your lips and slowly inject the water into it. Because of the swallowing reflex, the animal cannot help but swallow the water. Do not take milk or other liquids - a chemical reaction with a toxin could accelerate its uptake into the blood. However, never give fluids to an unconscious animal.

    Poisonous foods for dogs, cats and small animals

    • Chocolate: Animals cannot break down the poisonous cocoa component theobromine. Half a bar of dark chocolate can kill a ten kilogram dog.
    • Onions, raw or fried: the disulfides they contain destroy red blood cells.
    • Avocado: The ingredients destroy heart tissue.
    • Stone fruit kernels in large quantities: These contain hydrogen cyanide, which can cause nerve disorders.
    • Raw potatoes, tomatoes or eggplants: they contain a poisonous alkaloid, solanine.
    • Sweetener: xylitol from sugar-free candies and chewing gum
    • Grapes and raisins: Why they can be harmful has not yet been clarified - especially since it is not the case with all dogs. According to estimates by US scientists, as little as 3 g of raisins or 10 g of grapes per kilo of body weight can lead to kidney failure in affected dogs.
    • Tea tree oil and other essential oils
    • Raw pork is also dangerous: it can contain the Aujeszky virus, which can cause a fatal disease of the nervous system in dogs. In addition, other pathogens such as salmonella or trichinae lurk in raw meat. Therefore always cook the meat well. Then the pathogens die.
    • Raw eggs can also contain salmonella.

    Other toxic substances for pets

    • Pain tablets: The active ingredient acetylsalicylic acid causes gastrointestinal inflammation with bleeding. One pill can kill a dog.
    • Tobacco - this also applies to discarded cigarette ends
    • alcohol
    • Medication (especially painkillers and sleeping pills)
    • Cleaning products
    • Slug pellets, rat poison and other pesticides
    • Herbicides
    • Antifreeze and wood preservatives
    • Paints and varnishes
    • Chemicals of all kinds

    Toxic plants

    Wild plants (selection): Fern, mullein, boxwood (highly poisonous alkaloids), foxglove, lily of the valley, elderberry wood (do not retrieve elderberry wood), lilies, narcissus, ivy, trumpet tree, robinia, yew, wisteria, laburnum, autumn crocus, oleander, lupine, rhododendron, azalea , Mistletoe and many more.

    Indoor plants (selection): Roots of cyclamen, rubber tree and other ficus species, philodendron, poinsettia, dragon tree, yucca palm, calla, amaryllis and many more.

    Intestinal obstruction or poisoning from chestnuts

    A dog that has swallowed a chestnut can often no longer shed it. It is stuck and thus leads to an intestinal obstruction. That is life-threatening. Horse chestnuts also contain substances - such as the soap-like saponins - that the dog does not enjoy.

    In the worst case scenario, symptoms of poisoning can occur.

    © colourbox.de
    Image rights: colourbox.de

    Sleeping and playing quickly alternate with dogs. Keep an eye on your four-legged friend so that nothing happens to him.

    First aid for animals - how to behave in an emergency

    In addition to poisoning, many other injuries or accidents can occur. Every pet owner knows how quickly something can happen to pets. But how do you help your animal then? What do you do if a dog or cat is stung by a wasp or if they are burned? Here you will find an overview of first aid measures for animals - summarized by Anne-Kathrin Gebert.

    "Bavaria speaks about it": The new BR24 newsletter informs you every Monday to Friday after work about the most important things of the day at a glance - compact and directly in your private mailbox. Register here!

    © mauritius-images
    Image rights: mauritius-images

    No matter how cute your dog may look, there are some foods that you should definitely avoid becoming weak.