How expensive were slaves in ancient Rome


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Prices for slaves

The prices were given in talents (T), mines (M), drachmas (Dr.), denarii (D), Aurei (A) as well as sesterces (s) made. For late antiquity this is Solidus (S) relevant Question marks do not relate to the value, but to an uncertainty in the currency. Many of the prices are extreme values ​​that cannot be applied to daily trading. The sesterce values ​​given in brackets are theoretical conversions on a gold basis for late antiquity and are only intended to serve as an approximate comparison.

descriptiontimeprice quotationSesterces
Slave in Greecearound 200 BC20 M.8,000 s
Slave in Greecearound 200 BC6 M.2,400 s
Slave girl in Greecearound 200 BC30 M.
1000 Dr.
12,000 s
4,000 s
little slave girl in Greecearound 200 BC10 M.4,000 s
Lute player in Greecearound 200 BC40 M.
50 M.
60 M.
16,000 s
20,000 s
24,000 s
2 little slave girls and wet nurse
in Greece
around 200 BC18 M.7,200 s
Musician in Greece2nd century BC20 M.8,000 s
Pleasure boyMiddle of the 2nd century BC.1 T24,000 s
Stick boy of the best qualityMiddle of the 2nd century BC.4 T96,000 s
talented cook slaveMiddle of the 2nd century BC.4 T96,000 s
educated slave as a grammarian115 BC-700,000 s
particularly attractive slave104 BC7 T168,000 s
educated slave as a language teacher1st century BC-100,000 s
educated craft slave1st century BC-100,000 s
uneducated slave1st century BC-100 s
(well-educated) slave70-79 BC-100,000 s
uneducated slave70-79 BC-to. 1,000 s
talented actor's calve70-79 BC-up to 150,000 s
Prey slave
(Supply surplus due to spoils of war)
72 BC4 Dr.16 s
2 male slaves
of Mark Antony
2nd half of 1st century BC-200,000 s
slave30 BC300 Dr.1,200 s
slaveEnd of republic500 D2,000 s
slaveAugustus-8,000 s
ordinary slave dependent
of attractiveness & skills
Augustus100-1,500D400-6,000 s
attractive slaveAugustus2,000-6,000 D8,000-24,000 s
attractive fair-skinned slave
with special talents
from the province of Africa
Augustus-100,000 s
Cook slave1st century AD-8,000 s
slave1st century AD-6,000 s
Winemaker slave1st half of 1st century AD-8,000 s
uneducated slave1st half of 1st century AD500 D2,000 s
educated slave with a Greek background1st half of 1st century AD2,000 D8,000 s
Eunuch of SeianusTiberius-50 million s
talented slave boyNero300 D1,200 s
slave bought by Calvisius Sabinus,
who knew Homer by heart
Nero-100,000 s
13 gladiators34-41 AD-9 million s
Slave in PompeiiTitus-2,500 s
2 old slaves in PompeiiTitus-5,300 s
Slave boy (probably with special skills)flavian-100,000 s
Slave (probably attractive and / or with special skills)flavian-100,000 s
slaveflavian100-200 D?400-800 s
Slave whoreflavian600 D?2,400 s
Slave foolflavian-20,000 s?
Muleteer (it turned out afterwards that he was deaf)flavian-20,000 s?
A slave of bad reputeEnd of 1st century AD600 D2,400 s
slaveEnd of 1st century AD1,200 D4,800 s
legally recorded value of a slaveHadrian20 A2,000 s
attractive slave2nd century AD1 T24,000 s
Slave whore218-222-100,000 s
Child slaveJustinianus3-10 p(~ 180-600 s)
unqualified slaveJustinianus20 p(~ 1200 s)
qualified slaveJustinianusfrom 30 p(~ from 1800 s)
Slave boy in Nessana (Hafir el -Auja / Isreael)End of the 6th century AD6 p(~ 360 s)
Slave girl in Nessana (Hafir el -Auja / Isreael)End of the 6th century AD3 pp(~ 180 s)

Release Funds

Release funds are the amounts that slaves had to spend to buy themselves out.

descriptiontimeIndication of valueSesterces
Slave in Greecearound 200 BC1 T24,000 s
Free purchase offers for slave girl in Greecearound 200 BC20 - 50 M.
60-100 M.
8,000-20,000 s
24,000-40,000 s
Hetaerae in Greecearound 200 BC30 M.20,000 s
Slave in Greecearound 200 BC600 Dr.2,400 s
Slave girl
in Greece
around 200 BC½ T12,000 s
Slave boy
in Greece
around 200 BC½ T12,000 s
Slave girl
in Greece
191 BC20 M.8,000 s
in Greece
2nd century BC10 M.
20 M.
8,000 s
slave74-72 BC-60,000 s
slaveNero1,000 D4,000 s
Treasurer of NeroNero-13 million s

The sums spent on house slaves often reached dizzying heights

swell: including W.Szaivert, R.Wolters "wages, prices, values", H.Pleticha, O.Schönberger "Die Römer", magazine "money trend"