Which nouns are masculine in French
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One cannot assume that nouns that are feminine in German are also feminine in French. There are also no rules according to which the gender of nouns can be clearly determined. You can still memorize a few specific endings that will make learning the gender of the respective noun easier. In principle, it can be said that nouns ending with the vowel 'e' at the end of a word are feminine. Exceptions to this are the endings -isme, -age and -ège. Over time, you will get a feel for which endings indicate which gender of the noun, although this cannot always be relied on as there are exceptions.
EXAMPLES Gender Female Male
|l'arrivée||the arrival||le vent||the wind|
|la moitié||the half||le courrier||the post (letters)|
|la santé||health||le travail||the work|
|la maladie||the disease||le citron||the lemon|
|le mouchoir||the handkerchief|
|la jeuneat||the youth||le tourisme||the tourism|
|la baguette||the baguette||l'aspirateeur||the vacuum cleaner|
|la marchandise||the goods||le fromage||the cheese|
|la solidude||loneliness||le Néerlandais||Dutchman|
|la salgoodbye||the salad||le privilège||the privilege|
There is also the possibility that a noun can become feminine or masculine through different endings. Such endings are:
|Gender-dependent noun endings|
There are exceptions here as well. In the past, the following nouns only existed in the masculine form. This group mainly included job titles that were traditionally reserved for men in the past. Since changes in society also affect language, the feminine form has also been used for these nouns since 2005. However, only the article changes with these nouns.
EXAMPLES for nouns that only change their form in the article
un (une) écrivain
un (une) author
un (une) assassin
un (une) ministre
un (une) peintre
L'auteur you livre est aujourd’hui en visite.
The author of the book is visiting today.
Le tourisme it is very important pour la region.
The tourism is very important for the region.
Now read how the plural formation in French is done.
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