Which nouns are masculine in French

French grammar:
The gender


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One cannot assume that nouns that are feminine in German are also feminine in French. There are also no rules according to which the gender of nouns can be clearly determined. You can still memorize a few specific endings that will make learning the gender of the respective noun easier. In principle, it can be said that nouns ending with the vowel 'e' at the end of a word are feminine. Exceptions to this are the endings -isme, -age and -ège. Over time, you will get a feel for which endings indicate which gender of the noun, although this cannot always be relied on as there are exceptions.

EXAMPLES Gender Female Male

l'arrivée the arrival le vent the wind
la moitié the half le courrier the post (letters)
la santé health le travail the work
la maladie the disease le citron the lemon
la décision

the decision

le mouchoir the handkerchief
la jeuneat the youth le tourisme the tourism
la baguette the baguette l'aspirateeur the vacuum cleaner
la marchandise the goods le fromage the cheese
la solidude loneliness le Néerlandais Dutchman
la salgoodbye the salad le privilège the privilege

There is also the possibility that a noun can become feminine or masculine through different endings. Such endings are:
Gender-dependent noun endings

masculine ending

feminine ending





- expensive
















There are exceptions here as well. In the past, the following nouns only existed in the masculine form. This group mainly included job titles that were traditionally reserved for men in the past. Since changes in society also affect language, the feminine form has also been used for these nouns since 2005. However, only the article changes with these nouns.

EXAMPLES for nouns that only change their form in the article

un (une) écrivain

un (une) author

un (une) assassin

un (une) ministre

un (une) peintre




L'auteur you livre est aujourd’hui en visite.

The author of the book is visiting today.

Le tourisme it is very important pour la region.

The tourism is very important for the region.

Now read how the plural formation in French is done.